EXPORT MAXIMUM RESIDUE LIMITS (MRLs)
Most countries have established Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) for pesticides used in the control of pest and diseases not only to safeguard consumer health but also to minimize the presence of these residues in the environment.
As a condition of market access products exported must comply with these residue standards.
South African export legislation requires inter alia that–
Only chemical remedies registered in terms of The Fertilizers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act (Act No. 36 of 1947) are used on the specific crop;
Crops or agricultural products exported should not exceed the maximum chemical residue limits of the importing countries; and
Record is kept of the chemical remedies used in spray/fumigation programs and as post harvest treatment
To ensure compliance with legislation monitoring samples are drawn during the quality inspections and analyzed.
The Directorate Food Safety and Quality Assurance, together with other Government Departments and Directorates is responsible for the government-to-government liaison with regard to MRLs on export products or rejectin of consignments by importing authorities.
Exporters and producers have inter alia the responsibility to –
Comply with the requirements on the correct, approved use and application of pesticide remedies in terms of the Fertilizers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act (Act No. 36 of 1947);
Keep record of the chemical remedies used in spray programs and as post harvest treatment and to provide this information on request to the responsible authorities;
Verify the MRLs with their importer or agent in the relevant country;
Keep up with the registration and
re-registration processes of pesticides within
Inform the Directorate Food Safety and Quality Assurance of any rejections by importing country authorities due to residues.
# Accept Codex Alimentarius standards
· EU member state
South African LOCAL MRL’s (As published by the Department of Health)
Ø No. R.246 of 11 February 1994 (This includes the following amendments: R.494 of 8 June 2001, R.525 of 3 May 2002 and R.247 of 24 March 2005)
EXPORT MRL LISTS BASED ON IMPORTING COUNTRY’S REQUIREMENTS
Only some available – rest in progress of being updated