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National Department of Agriculture
Institute of Natural Resources (an Associate of the University of Natal)
INFO Pakgroen.jpg (3364 bytes)

Growing papayas (pawpaws)

The fruit of papayas is high in vitamin C. You can also pick the fruit when it is green and cook it like a marrow.

Female and male flowers do not grow on the same tree, so you must have male and female trees in the garden.


Soil requirements

Planting date

Papayas can be planted at any time of the year, but preferably in late summer.


Plant papayas 1,5 metres between plants and
3 to 4 metres between rows.

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Growing papayas from seeds

It is easy to grow the ordinary papaya tree from seed.

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Male flowers PPc.JPG (4432 bytes)




Compost or manure

Give the tree:

NB: Do not apply chicken manure on trees younger than 2 years as it can burn the young papaya trees.
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Artificial fertiliser

Pruning and thinning

You can cut the tree (remove top) so that it does not grow too tall. This encourages branching. Cut into winter wood, where leaf scars are close together. Paint the cut with a sealant.



Papaya trees easily get black leafspot. Your nearest extension officer or cooperative will be able to tell you how to treat this disease.

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ARC_log0.JPG (2644 bytes) For further information contact the ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Private Bag X11208, Nelspruit 1200, tel (013) 753 2071
or the Institute of Natural Resources, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, tel (0331) 46 0796



Compiled by Directorate Communication, National Department of Agriculture
in cooperation with
Institute of Natural Resources (an Associate of the University of Natal) and ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops
Printed and published by National Department of Agriculture
and obtainable from Resource Centre, Directorate Communication, Private Bag X144, Pretoria 0001, South Africa

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