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National Department of Agriculture
Institute of Natural Resources (an Associate of the University of Natal)
INFO Pakgroen.jpg (3364 bytes)

guava.JPG (7472 bytes)     Growing guavas

Guavas are high in vitamin C. The trees give good shade because they do not lose their leaves in winter. They give fruit 2 years after planting if they are given enough water.

Where do guavas grow best?

The trees should be planted in a place where they are protected from cold winds.

Kinds of fruits and trees (cultivars) guava1.JPG (8928 bytes)

Soil requirements

Although guavas grow well in any kind of soil, they prefer well-drained soil (water does not remain in the soil for a long time after rain).
Guavas.JPG (26545 bytes)

Planting date

Guavas can be planted at any time of the year, but the warmer months are better.

Spacing

Plant them 2 to 3 metres from other trees and 5 metres from other guava trees.
Planting

Water

Year 1 In October (after pruning) and in April give the tree bucketful. If using chicken manure a bucketful would be sufficient. Spread evenly round the trunk, not against the trunk. Pail.JPG (13607 bytes) or
Year 2 to 6 Each October and April add bucketful.
After 6 years you will be giving it 3 bucketfuls in October and 3 in April.
Pail.JPG (13607 bytes)
Year 6 onwards Each October and April give the tree 3 bucketfuls.
Remember, if using chicken manure, give only 1 bucketsful.
Pail.JPG (13607 bytes) Pail.JPG (13607 bytes)Pail.JPG (13607 bytes)
Year 1 In October (after pruning) and April give the tree tinful (250 g) of 3:1:5. rienabli.JPG (5309 bytes)
Year 2 In October and April give the tree 1 tinful (500 g) of 3:1:5. rienabli.JPG (5309 bytes)
Year 3 to 6 Each October and April give an extra 50 g of 3:1:5.
At the end of year 6 you will be giving the tree 2 kg of 3:1:5 in October and April. Keep the soil under the tree mulched with compost all the time.
 

 
Pruning

Thinning

Remove some of the flowers.

ARC logo .jpg (5571 bytes)

For further information contact the ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Private Bag X11208, Nelspruit 1200 tel (013) 753 2071 or
the Institute of Natural Resources, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209 tel (0331) 46 0796

 

nnnda-logo.jpg (6250 bytes) 1999

Compiled by Directorate Communication, National Department of Agriculture
in cooperation with
Institute of Natural Resources (an Associate of the University of Natal) and ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops
Printed and published by National Department of Agriculture
and obtainable from
Resource Centre, Directorate Communication, Private Bag X144, Pretoria 0001, South Africa