THE INTERNATIONAL PROTEACEAE REGISTER

maintained and published by the Directorate Genetic Resources, National Department of Agriculture

SEVENTH EDITION - JULY 2002

 

THE INTERNATIONAL PROTEACEAE REGISTER & CHECKLIST 2

Aulax P.J. Bergius

Brabejum L.

Diastella Salisb. ex Knight

Dilobeia Thouars

Embothrium J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.

Euplassa Salisb. & Knight

Faurea Harv.

Gevuina Molina

Leucadendron R. Br.

Leucospermum R. Br.

Malagasia L.A.S. Johnson & B.G. Briggs 

Mimetes Salisb. 

Orothamnus Pappe ex Hook.

Panopsis Salisb. ex Knight 

Paranomus Salisb. 

Protea L. 

Roupala Aubl. 

Serruria Burm. ex Salisb. 

Sorocephalus R. Br. 

Spatalla Salisb.

Vexatorella Rourke 

Rejected cultivar names 

Applications for IPCR 

References

Address list of registrants in IPCR

 

THE INTERNATIONAL PROTEACEAE REGISTER & CHECKLIST

The International Proteaceae Register and Checklist provides for registration of cultivar names of all members of the Family Proteaceae, excluding the Australian genera. All genera that fall within the scope of this Register and Checklist are included in this publication. The collective name "Proteas" is used when generally referring to genera of this family. Cultivar names of the Australian genera of the Family Proteaceae are registered at the Australian Cultivar Registration Authority (ACRA).

For ease of reference the Register and Checklist have been combined. See format of entries for distinction between registered and non-registered cultivar names.

Breeders and introducers of Protea cultivars are urged to register their cultivar names, preferably before commercialisation of the cultivar to ensure that the name is unique. However, registration could take place after commercialisation has commenced. Registration concerns all named cultivars.

Registration forms can be obtained from: The ICRA for Proteaceae, Directorate Genetic Resources, Private Bag X5044, STELLENBOSCH 7599, South Africa.

E-mail: JoanS@nda.agric.za Tel. +27-21-809 1648 Fax +27-21-887 2264

The following abbreviations are used where appropriate:

Ld = Leucadendron; Ls = Leucospermum; P = Protea; S = Serruria

APVJ = Australian Plant Variety Journal; ARC = Agricultural Research Council; Hort. Abstr. = Horticultural Abstracts; ICRA = International Cultivar Registration Authority; NBI = National Botanical Institute; SANF = South African Nature Foundation; VOPI = Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute (an institute of the ARC in South Africa);

PBR = Plant Breeders' Rights; IPCR = International Proteaceae Cultivar Register;

(=...) = synonym

AU = Australia; CA = California; HI = Hawaii; IL = Israel, NZ = New Zealand; USA = United States of America; ZA = South Africa; ZW = Zimbabwe

The format of entries for registered cultivar names is as follows: Cultivar name; parentage (in italics); the names of those involved in the breeding, introduction and registration of the plant with the relevant dates (O = originator; H = date hybridised; S = date selected; N = named by...; I = introducer; REG = registrant. Where a date is given without a name, it can be assumed that the person or organisation involved is that immediately preceding it e.g. N: VOPI I & REG: 1979, in which VOPI named the cultivar, introduced it and registered the name in 1979); a short description of the flower head and time of flowering. Unless otherwise indicated, all flowering dates given are for the Southern Hemisphere.

The format of entries for the Checklist is as follows: Cultivar name followed by parentage, name of originator, date selected (if known), country of origin, plant breeders' rights (PBR) if applicable, flower characteristics (if available), remarks, publication.

In the case of duplicate names, priority is determined by registration in the IPCR (or otherwise e.g. PBR), followed by date of publication. Duplicate names are indicated with an "*".

If any information is incomplete or incorrect, please do not hesitate to supply the ICRA for Proteas with the necessary information.

All Proteaceae cultivar names that have been registered up to July 31, 2002 are included in this publication. New additions to the Register are indicated with a "#".

 

Aulax P.J. Bergius

Aulax cancellata (L.) Druce

Small shrub. New growth has red tinge. Flower head yellow (for both male and female). Summer. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

Brabejum L.

No cultivars known.

Diastella Salisb. ex Knight

'Silver Orb'

New Zealand. Growth habit small, compact and slender. Leaves needle-like. Stems slender. Silvery inflorescences. Spring in NZ. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

Dilobeia Thouars

No cultivars known.

 

Embothrium J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.

No cultivars known.

 

Euplassa Salisb. & Knight

No cultivars known.

 

Faurea Harv.

No cultivars known.

 

Gevuina Molina

No cultivars known.

 

Leucadendron R. Br.

`Acorn'

Ld. strobilinum New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Amy'

Leucadendron J. Hobbs. New Zealand. PBR grant in NZ 2000, expires 2023. Bracts rosy-red in autumn to winter. Bracts cream in early spring. UPOV-ROM 1999/03. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Asteroid'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. eucalyptifolium ? ARC. South Africa. Bracts yellow-green. Leaves green. July - August. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Baby Bouquet'

Ld. stelligerum hybrid Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Bracts yellow. Late winter to spring. Proteaflora label 1991.

`Bell's Pride'

Ld. salignum x Ls. laureolum male New Zealand. Bracts tinted bronze-red; floret mass golden yellow. Spring. Matthews 1993.

`Bell's Sunrise' (=`Wilson's Wonder')

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum male I Bell. New Zealand. Bracts creamy-yellow, flushed with red; floret mass golden-yellow. July to September. Introduced in 1983. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Bell's Supreme'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. salignum Red selection New Zealand. Bracts crimson red. Mid to late winter. Matthews 1993.

`Blush'

Ld. salignum selection S: VOPI 1993. N & I: 1994. REG: 1996. Bracts pink-red. Colouring March to June. Flowering June to August.

`Bon Bon'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. discolor ? ARC. South Africa. Bracts yellow – cream. Floret mass bright red. August. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Brook's Red'

Ld. salignum x Ld. xanthoconus female New Zealand. Bracts bronze-red; floret mass dark bronze. Autumn to winter. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Buttercup'

Leucadendron Riverlea Nurseries. New Zealand. Foliage and bracts cream-yellow. Autumn to spring. Released in 1988. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

`Candles'

Ld. salignum ? O: VOPI. S: 1977. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Bracts deep red on outside (RHS 45A), yellow on inside (RHS 12C); inner bracts yellow (RHS 10C). April to August.

*`Cardinal'

Synonym of `Silvan Red' used by Protea Australis.

(see Protea `Cardinal')

`Chameleon'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. eucalyptifolium ? S: VOPI 1993. N & I: 1994. REG: 1996. Bracts yellow (RHS5C) with red to yellow margins. Cone green-brown, changes to pink-brown after flowering. June to August.

`Charriot of Fire'

Ld. tinctum male New Zealand. Bracts bright yellow, strongly flushed with orange-red; floret mass large, golden. Late winter to spring. Matthews 1993.

`Cherry Glow'

Ld. procerum male New Zealand. Bracts yellow; floret mass small, wine-red; tendency to multi-heading. September to October. Introduced in 1979. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Clone 91'

Leucadendron female Bracts yellow with red tint; shape of bract is broad with tapering apex. August.

`Cloudbank Jenny' (=`Cloudbank Ginny')

Ld. discolor x Ld. gandogeri male C Lennox. 1984. USA. Bracts broad, cream, edged with pink; floret mass orange-red. September to October. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Cloudbank's Sunrise'

Ld. laureolum x Ls. salignum female USA. Bracts cream, with apricot flush. Smaller bracts and more dense habit than `Maui Sunset'. Late winter. Matthews 1993.

`Colin Lennox'

Ld. laureolum female C Lennox. USA. Bracts dark golden-yellow. Late winter to early spring. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Comet'

Ld. salignum selection ? O: MR Timm. S: 1996. N & I: 1998. REG: 1999. Bracts tri-colored red/yellow/green. April to July.

`Corringle Gold'

Ld. gandogerii x Ld. spissifolium Corringle Proteas. Australia. PBR granted in AU 2001. Expires 2021. UPOV-ROM 1999/04. APVJ 14(1) 2001.

'Cream Delight'

Leucadendron New Zealand. Bracts pure cream in winter. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Disco'

Ld. salignum x Ld. discolor ? ARC. South Africa. Bracts cream to pink. Floret mass red. Leaves green. August. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Disco Date'

Ld salignum x Ld discolor ? O: VOPI. H: 1986. S: 1992. REG: 2000. Bracts yellow-cream-scarlet, inner bracts yellow-cream. Leaves green. August - September.

`Dobson's Red'

Ld. salignum Mrs Dobson. 1974. New Zealand. Bracts deep red. Similar to `Mrs Stanley'. Riverlea 1986.

`Dragon Eyes'

Ld. salignum x Ld. discolor male. Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Bracts cream, brilliant red floret mass. Spring to early summer. Introduced in 1987. Proteaflora Catalogue 1987.

`Duet'

Ld. stelligerum hybrid ? O: VOPI. S: 1987. N & I: VOPI. REG: 1996. Bracts yellow (RHS 4B) with red margins and tips (RHS 46A). Floret mass yellow June to July.

`Durban Gold'

Ld. salignum female. New Zealand. Bracts yellow and flushed with red. July to August. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Early'

Ld. discolor male Bracts yellow, fringe on margins of bracts. August. Cultivar name not acceptable.

`Early Red'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Early Yellow'

Ld. salignum G Jewell. 1984. New Zealand. Bracts small, bright yellow. Autumn to mid winter. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Egmont Star'

Ld. sessile New Zealand. Matthews 1993.

`Fionaflora'

Ld. orientale Riverlea Nurseries. New Zealand. Bracts cream/gold; long stems. Spring. Released in 1988. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

`Firecracker'

Leucadendron hybrid Silvery foliage. Bracts gold/red. Spring. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

*`Fire Glow'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Bracts small, orange-red. Matthews & Carter 1983.

*`Fireglow'

Ld. salignum Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Bracts yellow, turning red. Spring. Ground cover. Proteaflora Catalogue 1986.

`Firebird'

Ld. tinctum New Zealand. Bracts cream with orange and red tints. Late winter to spring. Similar to `Rose Cockade'. Matthews 1993.

`Flash'

Ld. salignum x Ld. eucalyptifolium ?. Mrs Mills. ARC. South Africa. Bracts maroon. Leaves green. During flowering involucral leaves change to cream-yellow in August. Stem dark maroon. February to September. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Florida'

Ld. floridum ? selection Bracts silver-green. May to September. Roodeplaat Bulletin 1995.

`Gold Cockade'

Ld. tinctum x Ld. daphnoides male. New Zealand. Bracts large, pale gold; floret mass bright yellow. Late winter to early spring. Matthews 1993.

`Golden Orb'

Ld. lanigerum ?, dwarf. New Zealand. Bracts small, bright golden and red-tinged; floret mass small, rich yellow; grouped in clusters. August to September. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Harvest'

Ld. stelligerum hybrid ?. Australia. Bracts wide open, deep yellow, edged and flushed with bronze-red. Spring. Matthews 1993.

`Harvest Girl'

Ld. stelligerum ? Australia. Bracts: inner bracts cream, outer bracts red. Leaves green-maroon. July to August. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Inca Gold'

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum Proteaflora Nursery. Australia. Bracts rich golden-yellow, pointed, edged with red. Late winter to spring. IPA Poster 1991, Matthews 1993.

`Incisum'

Ld. salignum female. New Zealand. Bracts large, clear creamy-white. Winter to early spring. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Incisum Dwarf'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Bracts cream; dwarf spreading growth habit. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Jack Harre'

Leucadendron. J. Harre. New Zealand. PBR grant in NZ 2002, expires 2025. UPOV-ROM 1999/04.

`Jester' (=`Safari Sunshine')

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum ? O: Duncan & Davies. S: 1986. N: JP Rumbal. I: Duncan & Davies 1990. REG: Woodford. 1996 PBR granted in NZ 1991, expires 2014, PBR granted in ZA 1996,expires 2027. Sport of `Safari Sunset'. Foliage variegated: pink, cream and green. April to July.

`Joan Condy'

Ld. salignum ? O:JL Condy. S: 1996. N & I: Resincraft. PBR granted in ZW 1999. Sport of `Rising Sun'. Leaves coloured yellow (RHS 10C), red (RHS 47A) and green (RHS 137C).

`Jubilee Crown'

Ld. laxum hybrid ? O: D Mathews. REG: VOPI 1996. PBR granted in ZA 1996, expires 2014. Bracts pale green. September.

`Julie'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Bracts green-bronze, inner bracts turn golden yellow, outer bracts turn red in autumn to winter. First available from RA Duncan in 1986. Rewa Nurseries sales list. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Kam-ee-lion'

Ld. salignum x Ld. eucalyptifolium ARC. South Africa. Bracts yellow. Leaves green. May to October. ARC cultivar list 1998. Name not acceptable.

`Katie's Blush'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. salignum ? O: RA Eggleton. S: 1987. REG: Keith Kirsten's 1998. PBR granted in AU 1991, expires 2010. PBR granted in ZA 1998, expired 2001. Bracts and leaves variegated with central area green (RHS 147C-D), margins sometimes yellow (RHS 16C, 10A-B), mainly purple (RHS 184A-C). Autumn to winter. Sport of `Silvan Red'.

`Kruger Gold'

Ld. salignum Riverlea Nurseries. New Zealand. Bracts yellow, long yellow stems. Spring. Released in 1993. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

`Kula Wahine'

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum USA. Similar to `Maui Sunset', however, possibly inferior. Matthews 1993.

`Late Yellow'

Ld. salignum female. New Zealand. Bracts narrow, yellow with red margins. September to October. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Laurel Yellow'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. discolor female. VOPI. South Africa. Leaves dark green, stems dark red; inner bracts yellow, outer bracts green-yellow. August. Landbouweekblad 1996.

`Little Devil'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Lollypop'

Ld. tinctum female. Bracts green, red shading at base of bracts, floret mass wine-red. August to September. IPA Poster 1991.

`Long Tom'

Leucadendron Bracts dark green-red, slender, very long. Fynbos Poster 1993.

`Magenta Sunset'

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum ? S: VOPI 1993. N & I: 1995. REG: 1996. Bracts maroon-red (RHS 59A). June to August.

`Manakau Red'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Bracts squat, dark plum red, tall bush. Formerly `Matthew's Red'. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Matthew's Red'

Former name of `Manakau Red'.

`Maui Sunset' (= Highlights)

Ld. laureolum x Ld. salignum female. C Lennox. USA. Bracts greenish white (cream), edged with pink. September to October. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Meir'

Ld. muirii O: A Ackerman, J Ben-Jaacov. S: 1992. I & REG: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997, terminated 1999. Bracts green, red in winter. High tolerance to calcareous soil. No flowering.

`Miller's'

Ld. laureolum New Zealand. Bracts small, bright yellow. Late winter. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Mrs Stanley'

Ld. salignum Steven Brothers. New Zealand. Bracts deep-red. Late spring to summer. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Nelson Mandela'

Ld. discolor ? O: A Ackerman, J Ben-Jaacov. S: 1995. I & REG: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Bracts yellow. April in Israel.

`Noel Rose'

Ld. salignum selection S: VOPI 1993. N & I: 1994. REG: 1996. Bracts maroon-pink. Colouring December to March. Flowering June to August.

`Orot'

Ld. coniferum ? O: A Ackerman, J Ben-Jaacov. S: 1992. I & REG: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Rootstock. Resistant to calcareous soil. Bracts green, slender, very long; floret mass yellow before anthesis. September to May in Israel.

`Our Vision'

Ld. uliginosum x Ld. discolor ? R. Warwick & M. Tonkin. Australia. PBR granted AU 1994; expired 2000. Leaves yellow green with red tip. Bracts oblanceolate, pale yellow green (RHS 151D) with red tip. APVJ 11(4) 1998. APVJ 13(3) 2000.

`Patea Gold'

Ld. xanthoconus New Zealand. Flower head bright red. Early to mid summer. Riverlea 1986.

`Pisa'

Ld. floridum hybrid female. G Jewell. 1976. New Zealand. Bracts lime sulphur; floret mass large, silver; foliage silvery green. October to November. Introduced in 1980. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983.

'Pixie Red'

Ld. hybrid Amarillo Proteas. Australia. PBR application AU 2001. UPOV-ROM 2001/02

`Pom-pom'

Ld. discolor ? O: VOPI S: 1986 I & REG: 1993. Bracts bowl-shaped, cream-white to light yellow. Floret mass bright red before anthesis. September.

`Rainbow'

Name sometimes used for flowers of `Safari Sunset'.

`Red Bird'

Ld. salignum Duncan & Davies Nurseries. New Zealand. Bracts deep red. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Red Carpet'

Ld. salignum G Jewell. New Zealand. Bracts red with pale centres. Very red foliage. Spring. Introduced in 1983. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Red Devil'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Flower head deep red, tulip shaped. Bracts narrower, smaller, more pointed and brighter red than `Mrs Stanley'. Autumn to winter. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Red Gem' (=Safari Gold)

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum ?. J Stevens. 1960. New Zealand. Bracts bronze-green with cream centre. Leaves green. Autumn to winter. Introduced in 1963. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Red Planet'

Ld. eucalyptifolium x Ld. coniferum ? O: DM Archer. S: 1996. I: Resincraft 2000. REG: DM Archer 2000. Bracts green, turn yellow and pink in summer. June to July, cones September to October.

`Red Tip'

Ld. xanthoconus New Zealand. Floret mass small, bright red. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Rewa Gold'

Ld. laureolum female.. New Zealand. 1963. Bracts large, deep yellow with bronze-red edging; floret mass large. July to August. Named in 1983. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Rising Sun'

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum ? Riverlea Nurseries. New Zealand. Bracts dark red (RHS 59A) on outside, yellowish on inside. Leaves on apical part of stem red (RHS 59A), stem wine-red. Spring. Released in 1986. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

*`Riverlea'

Ld. laureolum New Zealand. Bracts creamy-yellow. Early spring. Riverlea 1986. Discontinued (IPA Journal 17 1989).

(see Leucospermum `Riverlea')

`Robin Red'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. salignum x Ld. stelligerum ? ARC. South Africa. Bracts red to yellow-red. Floret mass yellow. Leaves green. August. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Rose Cockade'

Ld. tinctum female. New Zealand. Bracts large, cream-yellow, flushed with deep red; floret mass large, wine-red. Summer. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Rosette'

Ld. laureolum x Ld. elimense ? S: VOPI 1993. N & I: 1995. REG: 1996. PBR granted in ZA 1996, expires 2014. Bracts yellow-green (RHS 145B) with red margins, cone brown-red. July to August.

`Royal Gold'

Ld. laureolum female. variant New Zealand. Bracts broad, tapering, golden yellow. Winter to early spring. Named in 1969. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Safari Gold'

Synonym for `Red Gem'.

`Safari Goldstrike'

Leucadendron Kingflora Nurseries. New Zealand. PBR granted in NZ 1997, expires 2020. UPOV-ROM 1998/01.

`Safari Sunrise'

Ld. hybrid New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Safari Sunset'

Ld. salignum x Ld. laureolum J Stevens/I Bell. 1962. New Zealand. Bracts deep red. Autumn to spring. Introduced in 1964. 1st international successful protea cultivar. Name `Rainbow' sometimes used for flowers when colour changes after winter. Matthews & Carter 1983, IPA Brochure 1987.

`Safari Sunshine'

Synonym for `Jester' .

`Scented Petals'

Ld. orientale female. Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Bracts yellow, turning pink. Spring. Proteaflora Catalogue 1986.

`Silvan Red' (=Cardinal)

Ld. laureolum x Ld. salignum ?. P Matthews. Australia. Flower head tulip shaped, bracts bright red (RHS 185A), other leaves apical tip purple (RHS 185A), central area and margin green (RHS 147A). Slimmer in size and appearance than `Safari Sunset'. May to August. Proteaflora Catalogue 1982. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Smartrose'

Ld. laxum IPA Poster 1991.

`Spinman'

Ld. conicum x Ld. discolor ? ARC. South Africa. Bracts orange-maroon. Leaves green. Floret mass orange. August to September. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Sulphur Queen'

Ld. strobilinum hybrid New Zealand. Bracts golden yellow. Spring. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Sundance'

Ld. hybrid Protea Australis. Australia. New release. Matthews 1993.

`Sungold'

Ld. sessile male. New Zealand. Bracts bright golden yellow; floret mass deep gold. Matthews 1993.

`Sunny'

Ld. floridum New Zealand. Bracts lime-yellow with silver overtones; floret mass golden yellow. October to November. Introduced in 1977. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Sun Set'

Leucadendron J Ben-Jaacov. Proteaflor Exporting. Israel. PBR rejected in Israel 1982. UPOV-ROM 1997/05.

`Super Star'

Ld. lanigerum x Ld. salignum male. New Zealand. Bracts rich red, star-like; floret mass bright yellow. Winter to spring. Introduced in 1983. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Tall Red'

Ld. salignum hybrid Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Bracts red. Autumn to winter. Proteaflora Catalogue 1985.

`Think Pink'

Ld. salignum selection ? S: VOPI 1993. N & I: 1994. REG: 1996. Bracts maroon. Colouring December to March. Flowering June to August.

'Tokyo Gold'

Leucadendron J Harre. New Zealand. PBR application in NZ 2001. UPOV-ROM 2002/03.

`Waterlily'

Ld. strobilinum female. Riverlea Nurseries. 1982. New Zealand. Bracts cup shaped, ivory cream, edged with red. Spring. Released in 1985. Rewa Nurseries sales list, Matthews 1993.

`Waverley Gold'

Ld. laureolum variant male. New Zealand. Bracts bright yellow. June to July. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Wedding Bells'

Ld. salignum x Ld. discolor male. New Zealand. Bracts wide open, cream; floret mass yellow. Spring. Matthews 1993.

`Wee Willie Winky'

Ld. salignum Riverlea Nurseries. New Zealand. Bracts small, cup-shaped, red to yellow; semi-dwarf form. Spring. Released in 1988. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

`Wilson's Wonder'

Synonym for `Bell's Sunrise'.

`Winter Gold'

Ld. daphnoides male. 1969. New Zealand. Bracts large, white to pale cream, edged with red; floret mass golden yellow, slight scent. August to September. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Winter Red'

Ld. salignum ? O: VOPI. S: 1984. REG: 1996. Bracts red, yellow on inside, red-maroon tips. June to July.

'World Vision'

Former name for `Our Vision'. APVJ 10(3) 1997.

#`Yaeli'

Ld. salignum ? O: J Ben-Jaacov, A Ackerman. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1994. Bracts yellow. March in Israel.

*`Yellow Bird'

Ld. salignum variant New Zealand. Bracts deep yellow. Late winter to early spring. Similar to `Late Yellow'. Duncan & Davies 1978.

(see Leucospermum `Yellow Bird')

`Yellow Crest'

Ld. salignum Australia. Proteaflora. Introduced 1984. Bracts yellow in winter. Proteaflora Catalogue 1987.

`Yellow Devil'

Ld. salignum New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Yellow Sunset'

Ld. salignum female Bracts yellow with red tips, broad with tapering apex. July.

`Yellow Tulip'

Ld. laureolum IPA Poster 1991.

 

Leucospermum R. Br.

`African Red'

Ls. cordifolium H Asper (Sr). USA. Flower head dark red. Zorro Farms Sales List 1992.

`Angel Lady'

Ls. tottum x Ls. vestitum P Holroyde. USA. Poster Proteas of Hawaii 1982.

`Anneline'

Ls. cordifolium SANF. South Africa. Flower head orange-red. August to September. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Aurora'

Ls. cordifolium Duncan & Davies Nursery. New Zealand. Flower head pale orange. October to December. Named in 1971. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Baby Flowers'

Ls. glabrum hybrid Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Released 1995. Proteaflora label 1995.

`Ballerina'

Ls. lineare x Ls. tottum? O: Somerset West Municipality. S & N: VOPI 1976. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1994. Flower head pastel pink. September to November.

`Bluebeard'

Former name of `Scarlet Ribbon'.

`California Sunshine'

Ls. cordifolium H Asper (Sr). USA. Flower head pale orange. February to April in CA. Zorro Farms Sales List 1986, IPA Brochure 1987.

`Calypso' (=Selection S2)

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. glabrum Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head orange-red, styles yellow. Early to mid summer. Proteaflora Label 19988, Matthews 1993.

#`Carmeli'

Ls. patersonii x Ls. conocarpodendron O: J Ben-Jaacov et al S: 1995. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Flower head: medium, styles orange-red, pollen presenters yellow. April in Israel. Use: rootstock. Resistant to calcareous soil.

*Carnival

Trademark of Proteaflora Enterprises for `Dawn', `Sunshine' and `Copper'.

(see Protea `Carnival')

`Caroline'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. tottum O: P Barlow. S: 1975. N: VOPI. I & REG: 1979. Flower head medium pink-red, 11 cm diameter. September to November.

'Champagne'

Ls. tottum New Zealand. Flower head salmon pink. September – December. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Chilli'

Ls. cordifolium Dr Kemp. South Africa. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Chittick Red'

Ls. reflexum New Zealand. Flower head deep red. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Cloudbank'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. conocarpodendron C Lennox. USA. Poster Proteas of Hawaii 1982.

`Concor'

Ls. conocarpodendron x Ls. cordifolium O: JC Steenkamp. S: 1977.I: SANF 1984. Flower head flattened globular, golden yellow. Withdrawn from cultivation.

`Copper'

Ls. cordifolium hybrid. Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head yellow-orange. Spring. Proteaflora Label 1995.

`Copper Glow'

Ls. cordifolium New Zealand. Flower head orange; foliage grey-green. Matthews 1993.

`Coral'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. glabrum ? H Wood. South Africa. Flower head orange-pink. September to December. Batchelor Award 3rd prize in 1981. SAPPEX News 32 1981, IPA Brochure 1987.

`Corvette'

Ls. cordifolium SANF. South Africa. Flower head salmon-pink. September. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Cosmic Ray'

Ls. patersonii Flower head large, pinkish-orange. Early spring to early summer. Riverlea 1986.

`Crown Orange'

Ls. erubescence x Ls. cuneiforme O: ARC. S: 1991. REG: 2000. Flower head orange-yellow (RHS 23A), 9.5 cm diameter. August to September.

`Dawn'

Ls. cordifolium O: FC Batchelor. S: 1962. I & REG: 1974. PBR granted in ZA 1977, cancelled 1988. Flower head pale pink.

*`Dawn'

Ls. lineare x Ls. vestitum x Ls. conocarpodendron Proteaflora. Australia. Flower head yellow, styles red tipped. Spring. Proteaflora Catalogue 1994.

`Desert Fire'

Ls. cordifolium H Wood. South Africa. Flower head yellow-orange. October. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Diadem'

Ls. lineare O: FC Batchelor. S: 1967. I & REG: 1974. PBR granted in ZA 1977, cancelled 1988. Flower head medium red.

`Earlybird'

Former name for `Sunrise'.

`Eldorado'

Ls. cordifolium Duncan & Davies Nursery. New Zealand. Flower head pale orange. Early summer. Named in 1971. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983.

*`Fantasy'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. tottum New Zealand. Flower head salmon-pink. Mid spring to summer. Duncan & Davies 1978.

(see Protea `Fantasy')

`Fireball'

Ls. cordifolium Duncan & Davies Nursery. New Zealand. Flower head bright orange-red. October to December. Named in 1971. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Firedance'

Ls. cordifolium O: SANF. S: 1973. N: VOPI. I & REG: 1979. Flower head red, pollen presenters yellow, 9.5-cm diameter. September to October.

`Firefly'

Ls. tottum x Ls. vestitum (or Ls. cordifolium ?) H Wood. South Africa. Flower head small, deep orange-red, 10 cm diameter. October to December. Batchelor Award 2nd prize in 1978. Landbouweekblad March 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Firewheel'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. tottum Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head pink-red. Early summer. Proteaflora Catalogue 1984, IPA Journal 14 1988.

`Flame'

Ls. lineare hybrid G Jewell. 1978. New Zealand. Flower head orange-red, 12 cm diameter. September to December. Introduced to New Zealand in 1982. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Flamespike'

Ls. cordifolium O: FC Batchelor. S: 1973. N: VOPI. I & REG: 1979. Flower head red, pollen presenters yellow, 9.5-cm diameter. September to October.

`Fleur du Cap'

Ls. tottum x Ls. lineare N: NBI. S: 1987. REG: 1992. PBR granted in ZA 1992, expires 2010. Flower head creamy-white, 8 - 9 cm diameter. October to December.

`Galaxy'

Ls. lineare Flower head yellow-pink. September to November. IPA Poster 1991.

`Gold Dust'

Ls. cordifolium SANF. South Africa. Flower head deep salmon with yellow pollen presenters. Early spring. Voigts 1982.

`Golden Star'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. tottum O: FC Batchelor. S: 1962. I & REG: 1974. PBR granted in ZA 1977, cancelled 1988. Flower head pale orange, 9.5 - 11 cm diameter. November.

`Goldie'

Ls. cuneiforme O: VOPI. S: 1975. REG: 1981. Flower head deep yellow, 10.5 cm diameter. September to November.

'Ground Fire'

Leucospermum New Zealand. Flower head yellow, turning orange. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Harry Chittick'

Ls. cordifolium H Chittick. 1962. New Zealand. Flower head bright orange. November to January. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Hawaii Gold'

Ls. conocarpodendron x Ls. cuneiforme P Parvin. USA. Flower head large, golden yellow. Late spring to late summer in HI. IPA Conference Report 1981, Riverlea 1986.

`Hawaii Moon' (=`Mahina Hawaii')

(Ls. lineare x Ls. cordifolium) x Ls. conocarpodendron O: P Ito. H: 1979. S: 1982. N: PE Parvin. I: 1984. REG: 1993. Flower head yellow-orange with yellow ribbons and pink styles, 10 - 11.3 cm diameter. January to February in HI.

`Hawaii Star' (=`Hoku Hawaii')

Ls. lineare x Ls. cordifolium O: P Ito. H: 1978. S: 1981. N: PE Parvin. I: 1983. REG: 1993. Flower head bright red-orange, 9 - 9.6-cm diameter. December in HI.

`Hawaii Sunbeam' (=`Pohaka la Hawaii')

Ls. lineare x Ls. glabrum O: P Ito. H: 1979. S: 1982. N: PE Parvin. I: 1984. REG: 1995. Flower head bright red, scarlet ribbons, red styles, 9.5 - 10.4 cm diameter. December to January in HI.

`Helderfontein'

Ls. glabrum N: VOPI. S: 1973. REG: 1981. Flower head deep orange-red, 10.5 - 11.5 cm diameter. August to October.

`High Gold'

Ls. cordifolium `Yellow Bird' x Ls. patersonii O: VOPI. H: 1980. S: 1984. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1991, expires 2009. Flower head medium yellow, 10 - 11 cm diameter. September to October.

*`Honeyglow'

Ls. cuneiforme New Zealand. Flower head bright yellow, orange tints, 9 cm diameter. October to January. Named in 1971. Duncan & Davies 1978.

(see Protea `Honeyglow')

`Honey Gold'

Ls. cordifolium USA. IPA Conference Report 1981.

`Kathryn'

(Ls. lineare x Ls. cordifolium) x Ls. conocarpodendron O: P Ito. H: 1981. S: 1984. N: PE Parvin. I: 1990. REG: 1993. Flower head bright yellow, 10.1 - 11 cm diameter. March in HI.

`Laser Light'

Ls. cordifolium USA. Flower head light salmon-pink. Mid spring. Matthews 1993.

`Little Red'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. spathulatum ? New Zealand. Flower head deep red, 9 cm diameter. October to February. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Mardi Gras'

Trade Mark of Proteaflora Enterprises for `Veldfire' and `Baby Flowers'.

`Marmalade'

Ls. erubescens x Ls. cuneiforme J. Moffatt. AU. PBR application in AU withdrawn 1999. UPOV-ROM 1999/03.

`Mars'

Ls. cordifolium O: FC Batchelor. S: 1969. I & REG: 1974. PBR granted in ZA 1977, cancelled 1988. Flower head red. November.

`Memory'

Ls. cordifolium O: VOPI. S: 1975. REG: 1997. Flower head orange-red, 12 – 14 cm diameter. Styles bi-coloured: basal part yellow-green (RHS 145C), apical part orange-red (RHS 42B). August to October.

`Meteor'

Ls. vestitum New Zealand. Flower head coral orange-red with mauve-red ribbons. Early summer. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Miller's'

Ld. laureolum New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

#`Miriam'

Ls. patersonii x Ls. conocarpodendron O: J Ben-Jaacov et al. S: 1995. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Flower head: medium, styles orange-red, pollen presenters yellow. March to April in Israel. High tolerance to calcareous soil.

`Moonglow'

Ls. cordifolium Duncan & Davies Nursery. New Zealand. Flower head pale yellow, 9 cm diameter. October to February. Named in 1975. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983.

#`Nemastrong'

Ls. patersonii O: J Ben-Jaacov, A Ackerman. S: 1992. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Flower head: medium, styles orange, pollen presenters yellow. March in Israel. Use: rootstock. Tolerant to calcareous soil.

#`Nir'

Ls patersonii x Ls. conocarpodendron O: J Ben-Jaacov et al. S: 1995. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Flower head: medium, styles red, pollen presenters orange. April in Israel. High tolerance to calcareous soil.

`Orange Flame'

Ls. vestitum Flower head pink-red, styles orange, ribbons scarlet. August to December. IPA Poster 1991.

`Orb'

Ls. cordifolium Chittick. 1968. New Zealand. Flower head glowing orange. Long flowering stems. Released by Riverlea Nurseries in 1989. Rewa Nurseries Sales List.

`Patricia'

Ls. praecox selection Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Proteaflora Label 1996.

`Pink Ribbon'

Ls. tottum Flower head pink. September to November. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Pink Star'

Ls. cordifolium O: SANF. S: 1973. N: VOPI. I & REG: 1979. Flower head deep pink-orange, 11 cm diameter. September to November.

`Purple Gem'

Ls. patersonii ARC. South Africa. Flower head orange. September to October. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Rachel'

(Ls. lineare x Ls. vestitum) x Ls. glabrum O: P Ito. H: 1981. S: 1984. N: PE Parvin. I: 1990. REG: 1993. Flower head salmon-orange, 9.5 - 10.5 cm diameter. January in HI.

`Radiance'

Ls. cordifolium New Zealand. Flower head deep copper-orange. Mid spring to early summer. Matthews 1993.

`Red Ribbon'

Leucospermum hybrid Flower head yellow with red ribbons. September to November. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Red Sunset'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. lineare O: JC Steenkamp. S: 1974. I: 1978. REG: 1993. Flower head orange-yellow, 8.5 - 9 cm diameter. November.

`Rigoletto'

Ls cordifolium x Ls glabrum O: VOPI H: 1988 S: 1992 I: 1998 REG: 1999. PBR granted in ZA 2000, expires 2025. Flower head red (RHS 46B), styles red (RHS 44C), lower part of styles cream, ribbons deep red (RHS 45A), 11 cm diameter. August to October.

`Riverlea'

Ls. cordifolium Riverlea Nurseries. New Zealand. Flower head very large, intensely orange-red. Mid spring to mid summer. Riverlea 1986. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Rocket'

Ls. reflexum ARC. South Africa. Flower head red. September to October. ARC cultivar list 1998.

*`Ruby'

Ls. cordifolium New Zealand. IPA Journal 10 1986.

(see Protea `Ruby')

`Saxi Phone'

Ls. saxosum ARC. South Africa. Flower head red. September to October. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Scarlet Ribbon'

Ls. glabrum x Ls. tottum O: VOPI. H: 1974. S: 1980. I: 1984. REG: 1992. Originally published as 'Bluebeard' in 1983. Flower head multi-coloured, salmon-pink with purple-red ribbons, 9.5 - 11 cm diameter. September to October.

#`Shai'

Ls. patersonii x Ls. conocarpodendron O: J Ben-Jaacov et al. S: 1995. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Flower head: small to medium, styles orange, pollen presenters orange. March in Israel. Tolerant to calcareous soil.

`Shrimp'

Ls. cordifolium New Zealand. Flower head salmon-pink and apricot; foliage grey-green. Matthews 1993.

`Sittrya'

Leucospermum J Ben-Jaacov. Proteaflor Exporting. Israel. PBR granted in Israel 1985, expired 1992. UPOV-ROM 1997/05.

`Spider'

Ls. tottum x Ls. formosum O: P Barlow. S & N: VOPI 1975. REG: 1997. Rootstock. Flower head yellow with cream-pink ribbons, 12 cm diameter. August to October.

`Star Dust'

Ls. patersonii Flower head pale pink-orange. Mid spring to early summer. Matthews 1993.

`Starlight'

Ls. lineare O: VOPI. S: 1980. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head red, styles RHS 40D and pollen presenters RHS 42A, ribbons pastel pink, 9 cm diameter. September to November.

`Succession I'

Ls. lineare x Ls. cordifolium O: VOPI. H: 1979. IPR application. Flower head pink-orange, 12 cm diameter. July to September.

`Succession II'

Ls. lineare x Ls. cordifolium O: VOPI. H: 1979. IPR application. Flower head orange-pink, 12 cm diameter. September to November.

`Sue Ellen'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. lineare O: JC Steenkamp. S:1977. I: 1984. REG: 1992. Flower head red, 10 cm diameter. September.

`Sunburst'

Ls. cordifolium USA. Flower head pale pink-red. July to December. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Sunrise'

Ls. cordifolium x Ls. patersonii O: VOPI. H: 1975. S: 1980. I: 1984. REG: 1992. Originally published as 'Earlybird' in 1983. Flower head medium red, 9.5 - 11 cm diameter. August to September.

`Sunscar'

Ls 'Scarlet Ribbon' x Ls 'Sunrise' O: D Archer. H: 1992. S: 1996. REG: Zimflora 2000. Flower head salmon (RHS 31B), 9 cm diameter. August to October.

`Sunshine'

Ls. lineare x Ls. cordifolium x Ls. conocarpodendron Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head yellow, styles orange, yellow tipped. Spring. Proteaflora Catalogue 1994.

`Sweet Lemon'

Ls. cordifolium. South Africa. Flower head pale lemon-yellow. Foliage greyish. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Tango'

Ls. lineare `Diadem' x Ls. glabrum `Helderfontein' O: VOPI. H: 1979. S: 1984. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1994. Flower head deep orange-red, 10.5 - 11 cm diameter. September to October.

`Thomson's Gift'

Ls. conocarpodendron x Ls. hypophyllocarpodendron O: S Thompson. S: 1987. N: NBI. I & REG: 1995. PBR granted in ZA 1995, expires 2013. Flower head yellow (RHS 14B), sweet scent. Growth habit spreading, prostrate. September to December.

#`Tomer'

Leucospermum sp. O: J Ben-Jaacov, A Ackerman. S: 1990. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1994. Flower head: small, styles yellow, pollen presenter yellow; multi-headed. March in Israel. Use: pot and garden plant.

`Totsiens'

Ls. tottum x Ls. lineare M. Green. South Africa. November. SAPPEX News 20 1978.

#`Udi'

Ls. patersonii x Ls. conocarpodendron O: A Ackerman et al. S: 1995. REG: ARO Volcani Center 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1997. Flower head large, styles orange, pollen presenter yellow. April in Israel. High tolerance of calcareous soil.

`Veldfire'

Ls. glabrum x Ls. conocarpodendron O & N: H Wood. I: M Jackson. 1979. REG: 1994. Batchelor Award 2nd prize 1979. Flower head yellow with orange perianth ribbons. August to September.

`Vlam'

Ls. cordifolium O: CW Green. S: 1974. N: VOPI. REG: 1981. Batchelor Award 1979. Flower head deep orange-red (RHS 42B), pollen presenters yellow, 12 cm diameter. September to November.

`Wild Fire'

Ls. conocarpodendron hybrid USA. Flower head orange-yellow. March in USA. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Yalon'

Ls. patersonii x Ls conocarpodendron. A Ackerman et al. Israel. Volcani Center. PBR granted in Israel 2000. Flower head: yellow. Mid spring in IL. Use: garden & pot plant. High tolerance of calcareous soil. UPOV-ROM 2000/01.

`Yellow Bird'

Ls. cordifolium O: WJ Middelmann. S: 1976. N: VOPI. I & REG: 1979. Flower head medium yellow, 10.5 cm diameter. September to October.

`Yellow Rocket'

Ls. reflexum Flower head yellow. September to November. Could be same as `Luteum'. AFPGA Journal 1995.

Leucospermum truncatulum (Salisb. ex Knight) Rourke

Small shrub. Flower head small, creamy yellow. August to December. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

 

Malagasia L.A.S. Johnson & B.G. Briggs

No cultivars known.

 

Mimetes Salisb.

Mimetes cucullatus (L.) R. Br. Red

Erect shrub. Flower head: flat, red reduced leaves, yellow at the base, florets protruding from underneath these leaves. August to March. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

 

Orothamnus Pappe ex Hook.

No cultivars known.

 

Panopsis Salisb. ex Knight

No cultivars known.

 

Paranomus Salisb.

Paranomus reflexus (E. Phillips & Hutch.) Fourc.

Branched shrub, entire leaves and dissected leaves with red pointed tips. Flower head green-yellow, flowers bending down as buds open. June to August in ZA. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

 

Protea L.

#'African Queen'

P. magnifica O: DN Shaw. S: 1995. I: 1998. REG: 2001. Flower head: dark pink-red; black fringe and apical tuft on involucral bracts. Floret mass: pointed, black centre. September to November.

`Alabastar'

P. cynaroides J Moffatt. Australia. Flower head white.

`Amarie'

P. magnifica x P. compacta HW Strauss. South Africa. Batchelor Award 3rd prize 1985. SAPPEX News 47 1985.

`Ambassador'

P. aristata Flower head: pink, brown area at tips of involucral bracts; floret mass pink-red, tinged with white. August to January. IPA Poster 1991.

`Andrea'

P. compacta x P. magnifica O: A Roux. S: 1975. N: VOPI. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: large; obovate; medium pink-red with satiny glow, white fringe on bracts; floret mass pale pink with small purple centre. July to September.

`Anneke'

P. neriifolia x P. longifolia .O: PDJ Roux. H: 1975. S: 1979. I: 1982. REG: 1984. Batchelor Award 1981. Flower head: cylindrical; deep pink (RHS 48A); floret mass black with elongated point. May to July.

`Ansi'

P. pityphylla x P. effusa S: PDJ Roux 1994. REG: 1997. Flower head: rusty pink, margins of bracts darker pink, floret mass pink with brown hair. April.

`Arctic Ice'

P. cynaroides E Taylor. GE Jewell. New Zealand. PBR granted in NZ 1998, expires 2021. Growth habit erect, long slender stems. Flower head: white. UPOV-ROM 1997/05, Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Aristocrat'

P. aristata O: VOPI. S: 1974. REG: 1996. Flower head: pink-red; floret mass pink, tipped with white hair. November to January.

`Atlantic Queen'

P. magnifica N: VOPI. S: 1975. REG: 1993. Flower head: obovate; medium pink-red with satiny glow, brownish tufts on bracts; floret mass cream with black centre, slightly pointed. June to August.

`Attaturk'

P. cynaroides O: JA Taylor. S: 1994. REG: 1996. Flower head: deep red (RHS 60A - outer bracts, RHS 60B - inside of bracts), bowl-shaped. July tot August.

`Awesome'

P. magnifica x P. laurifolia Riverlea Nurseries. 1989. New Zealand. Flower head: large; pink-red; prominent black fringe; floret mass white with white centre. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

`Baby Queen'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: salmon-pink, greenish pink towards bottom; floret mass cream, slightly pointed black centre. May to August. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Barber's Hybrid'

P. neriifolia x P. longifolia H Barber. New Zealand. Flower head: large; dark bronzed-pink at base, clear pink towards tips; floret mass heavily tipped with black, slightly pointed black centre. Winter to spring. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Baron'

P. eximia x P. susannae Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head: crimson red; floret mass slightly pointed, black centre. Winter. Proteaflora label 1992.

`Big Girl'

P. eximia hybrid S Hardesty. USA. Poster Proteas of Hawaii 1982.

`Big Mink'

P. magnifica x P. neriifolia New Zealand. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Black Mink'

P. laurifolia New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Blood King

P. cynaroides L Booysen. South Africa. Batchelor Award 1986. September to November. SAPPEX News 52 1986.

`Brenda'

P. compacta x P. burchellii O: J Winshaw. S: 1975. I: VOPI. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: medium; deep pink-red (RHS 60A), inner involucral bracts RHS 54A; floret mass pink. May to July.

`Bushfire'

P. aurea Australia. Flower head: saucer-shaped; pink; floret mass pink. February to May, September to October. Matthews 1993, AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Camelot'

Synonym of `Pink Ice' used by Protea Australis.

`Candida'

P. magnifica x P. obtusifolia O: AE Cilliers. N & I: Lindeshof. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1992, expires 2010. Flower head: cylindrical to obovate; dark pink-red, white fringe on margins of involucral bracts; floret mass purplish. June.

`Candy'

P. longifolia hybrid Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head: shape cylindrical – obovate; pink, white fringe on inner bracts; floret mass pink, pointed black centre. Autumn to spring. Proteaflora label 1989. APVJ 6(1) 1993.

`Candy Floss'

P. magnifica x P. stokoei ? New Zealand. Flower head: bright pink, black fringe; floret mass pink. Mid winter to early summer. Riverlea 1986.

`Cardinal'

P. eximia x P. susannae O: VOPI. S: 1978. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: medium; obovate; pink-red with silver satiny glow; floret mass purplish, slightly pointed. February to April.

`Carnival'

P. compacta x P. neriifolia O: JC Steenkamp. I: 1982. REG: SANF. 1992. Batchelor Award 1980. Flower head: obovate; pink-red; floret mass pink and pointed. February to March.

`Carnival Too'

P. neriifolia x P. compacta ARC: Fynbos South Africa. Flower head: small-medium, pink. March to May. Landbouweekblad 1998, ARC cultivar list 2001.

`Cathedral Queen'

P. magnifica New Zealand. Flower head: cream flushed with pink. Mid winter to late spring. Matthews 1993.

`Chelsea'

P. magnifica O: J Liebenberg. S: 1985. REG: 1993. Flower head: narrowly campanulate; deep pink-red, dense white fringe on bracts; floret mass pink-white with black centre, pointed.

`Christine'

P. compacta hybrid Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head pink. Autumn/winter. Proteaflora Label 1995.

`Chunn's White'

P. neriifolia x P. aurea New Zealand. Flower head: creamy-white, black fringe; floret mass cream. Winter to spring. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Clare'

P. cynaroides O: VOPI. H: 1990. I: 2000. REG: 2000. PBR granted in ZA 2000, expires 2025. Flower head: red-pink (RHS 148A), floret mass pink-grey, slightly pointed. July to August.

`Clark's Red' (=Jack Clark)

P. repens x P. aurea J Clark. 1948. New Zealand. Flower head: deep red; floret mass red with white tips. Mid winter to early spring. 1st protea hybrid named and marketed in New Zealand. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Cleo'

Protea F2 hybrid H. Wood. South Africa.

`Coastal Candy'

P. magnifica x P. neriifolia Australia. Flower head: satin pink, small tufts at tips of inner bracts; floret mass pale pink with slightly pointed burgundy centre. Late autumn to mid winter. Similar to `Pacific Queen'. Released in 1992. Matthews 1993, AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Coleman's Hybrid'

P. magnifica x P. compacta New Zealand. Flower head: large; clear silvery-pink, white tufts; floret mass white, flattens towards centre, reveals cavity. Late summer to autumn. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Coronet Peak'

P. magnifica Duncan Nurseries. New Zealand. Flower head: large; creamy-white, white fringe; floret mass black, pointed. Late winter to spring. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Cottontop'

P. cynaroides x P. grandiceps? O: J Moffatt. S: 1988. I: 1992. REG: 1993. Flower head: obovate; pink; floret mass pink. February to April in AU.

`Cream Mink'

P. neriifolia Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head cream, inner bracts with black fringe. Mid winter. Proteaflora Label 1990.

`David'

P. obtusifolia O: J Ben-Jaacov, A Ackerman. S: 1992. I & REG: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1999. Tolerant to calcareous soil. Flower head: small, red, cylindrical. November to December in Israel.

`Double Mink'

P. neriifolia hybrid Riverlea Nurseries. 1972. New Zealand. Flower head: bright rose pink-red, dense double row of bracts, black tufts; floret mass yellow. Late summer to winter. Named in 1979. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Duchess'

P. hybrid. Flower head: cream and pink - tips of outer involucral bracts pink, rest of bracts cream; upper part of inner involucral bracts pink, rest of bracts cream; floret mass wine-red. April to June, September to January. IPA Poster 1991, AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Duchess of Perth'

P. eximia B Harrington. Australia. Flower head: large; clear pink to red; floret mass wine red. Summer to autumn. Matthews 1993.

`Dusky Pink'

P. lacticolor New Zealand. Flower head: narrowly funnel-shaped; salmon-pink. Autumn to winter. Matthews 1993.

`Early Pink'

P. repens Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head pink. Mid summer. Proteaflora Catalogue 1993.

`Ebony `n' Ivory'

P. neriifolia Flower head: cylindrical to obovate; pale yellow, burgundy tufts on bracts; broad dry margin on outer involucral bracts. February to May. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Eclipse'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: obconical; pink-red; floret mass purple, elongated point. March to July. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Embers'

P. repens O: R Middelmann. S: 1979. I: VOPI. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: obconical; deep red at apex (RHS 53A), creamy white at lower part, outer involucral bracts greenish-red. March to May.

`Empathy'

P. mundii x P. subvestita O: DM Archer. S: 1998. N: Resincraft. REG: 1999. PBR application in ZW. Flower head: oblong-obconic; outer bracts grey-yellow (RHS 160B), inner bracts pale cream (RHS 150D); floret mass cream-pink. January to February.

`Ethel Taylor'

P. laurifolia New Zealand. Flower head: medium; deep pink, brown tufts. Flowers all year round, peak in winter. Named in 1974. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Fantasia'

P. magnifica New Zealand. Flower head: large; soft pink, brown fringe; floret mass cream-tinged pink, tipped with black. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Fantasy'

Former name of `Pink Fantasy' (IPA Journal 17 1989)

`Feathered Red'

P. neriifolia Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Proteaflora Catalogue 1986.

`Fiery Duchess'

P. eximia O: VOPI. S: 1975. N & I: 1989. REG: 1996. Flower head: deep red (RHS 46A), white fringe at apices of inner bracts; floret mass wine-red, pointed. September to November.

`Florindina'

P. cynaroides x P. cynaroides O: J Malherbe. S: 1988. N: VOPI. I: 1993. REG: 1995. PBR granted in ZA 1995, expires 2013. Flower head: cream-white; floret mass white. September to November.

`Franciscan Hybrid'

P. compacta x P. magnifica or P. eximia New Zealand. Flower head: large; rich pink, cream towards base, distinctive silvery pubescence on bracts; floret mass deep wine-red, pointed. August to October. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Frosted Fire'

P. neriifolia Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head: pink-red, white fringe on inner bracts; outer bracts with dry margin; floret mass pointed, dark red. May to August. IPA Brochure 1987.

`Genevieve'

P. magnifica x P. stokoei ? New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Goodwood Red'

P. aurea New Zealand. Flower head: deep rosy-red. Late summer to early winter. Matthews 1993.

`Grandicolor'

P. grandiceps x P. longiflora Ausflora Pacific. Australia. PBR application in AU 1998. UPOV-ROM 1999/03.

`Green Ice' (=Moonshine)

P. neriifolia 1950. New Zealand. Flower head: yellow-green, dense brownish-purple tufts; floret mass cream, centre rosy-purple, pointed. Winter. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Green Jade'

Synonym for `Limelight'

`Greenvalley Pink'

P. eximia USA. HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`Greenvalley Red'

P. obtusifolia USA. HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`Greenvalley Ruby'

P. repens USA. HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`Greenvalley Sugar'

P. repens USA. HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`Greenvalley White'

P. obtusifolia USA. HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`Guerna'

P. repens O:VOPI. S: 1981. I:1984. REG: 1993. Flower head: linear oblong; red, cream towards base; floret mass white. December to February.

`Hapapa Pink'

P. neriifolia hybrid P Holroyde. USA. Poster Proteas of Hawaii 1982.

`Helzaan'

P. glabra x P. laurifolia O: EJ de Beer. S: 1989. REG: 1996. PBR granted in ZA 1996, expires 2014. Flower head: dark pink (RHS48A), outer involucral bracts greenish-yellow (RHS 145B) with dry margin, floret mass maroon. June to August.

`Henry VIII'

P. cynaroides Australia. Flower head: pale pink, bracts yellowish towards base. September to November, March to May. AFPGA Journal 1995.

*`Honeyglow'

P. repens selection Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head: cream-white; floret mass cream-white. Autumn to early winter. Proteaflora Catalogue 1987.

(see Leucospermum `Honeyglow')

`Iceberg'

P. repens W Stevens. New Zealand. Flower head: large, greenish-white; floret mass greenish-white tipped with silver. April to August. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Ice King'

P. cynaroides O: DN Shaw. S: 1990. I: 1995. REG: 1999. Batchelor Award 1995. Flower head: globose; cream-white; floret mass white, slightly pointed. January to March.

`Imperial Monarch'

P. cynaroides New Zealand. Flower head: very large; salmon-tinted crimson; floret mass silver tinged with pink. Spring to summer. Matthews 1993.

`Imperial Pink'

P. cynaroides New Zealand. Flower head: silvery-pink; floret mass silver-grey. Named in 1980. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Imperial Red'

P. cynaroides New Zealand. Flower head: rosy-red; floret mass silver tinged with red. Spring to summer. Named in 1980. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Ivory King'

P. cynaroides O: WB Kirkman. S: 1991. REG: 1992. Flower head: semi-globose; cream (RHS 150D); floret mass white. May to June.

`Ivory Queen'

P. magnifica New Zealand. Similar to `Coronet Peak', possibly synonymous. Matthews 1993.

`Ivy'

P. lacticolor hybrid O: FC Batchelor. S: 1961. I: 1974. REG: 1974. PBR granted in ZA 1977, expired 1995. Flower head: cylindrical to obconical; pink (RHS 58B); floret mass pink with white centre. July.

`Jaacov'

Protea obtusifolia A Ackerman, J Ben-Jaacov. Volcani Center. Israel. PBR application in Israel 1999. Flower head: medium, pink-yellow, cylindrical, no secondary growth below flower head. December to February in IL. High tolerance of calcareous soil. UPOV-ROM 2000/01.

`Jack Clark'

Synonym for `Clark's Red'

`Joey'

P. amplexicaulis hybrid Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1994, expires 2012. Flower head: obovate; greyed-red (RHS 181A), yellow-green towards base (RHS 154C), inner bracts incurving at apices; floret mass pale red, forms spiral. Late winter to early spring. APVJ 6(4) 1993.

`Jossef'

P. obtusifolia O: A Ackerman, J Ben-Jaacov. S: 1992. I & REG: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1999. Use: also rootstock. High tolerance of calcareous soil. Flower head: small, red, cylindrical. November to February in Israel.

`King Grand'

P. cynaroides x P. grandiceps ARC. South Africa. Flower head large oval, deep pink-red. April to May. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`King Mink'

P. neriifolia New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Kouga Red'

P. repens South Africa. Matthews 1993

`Kurrajong Carnival'

P. hybrid Protea Australis. Australia. Matthews 1993.

`Kurrajong Masquerade'

P. hybrid Protea Australis. Australia. Matthews 1993.

`Kurrajong Petite'

P. repens x P. pudens Protea Australis. Australia. New hybrid, to be released 1993/4. Matthews 1993.

`Kurrajong Rose'

P. magnifica x P. burchellii Protea Australis. Australia. Flower head: clear red with silver tints; floret mass deep rose-red. Matthews 1993.

`Kurrajong Twilight'

P. neriifolia hybrid Protea Australis. Australia. Matthews 1993.

`Lady Di'

P. magnifica x P. compacta O: JC Steenkamp. S: 1976. I: 1986. REG: SANF 1992. Batchelor Award 2nd prize 1981. Flower head: oblong; pink-red; floret mass pink and pointed. May to June.

`Lashlon Hybrid'

P. lacticolor x P. mundii 1950. New Zealand. Flower head: goblet-shaped; rich pink, white fringe; floret mass pink with white fringe, flattened. Summer to winter. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Lett's White'

P. neriifolia New Zealand. Matthews 1993.

`Liebencherry'

P. repens x P. longifolia O: J Liebenberg. S: 1981. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1993, expires 2011. Flower head: oblong; deep pink-red (RHS 53D), white fringe on bracts; floret mass pink with pointed black centre. April to July.

`Limelight' (=Green Jade)

P. neriifolia 1950. New Zealand. Flower head: white - creamy-green, dense purple-red tufts on inner bracts; floret mass cream, rosy tips. Smaller flowers and smaller, more compact bush than `Green Ice'. March to May in ZA. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Little Ripper'

P. burchellii selection Protea Australis. Australia. Flower head: striking red, black tufts.

`Lizl'

P. pityphylla x P. effusa O: PDJ Roux. H: 1987. S: 1994. N & REG: 1996. Flower head: saucer-shaped, inner involucral bracts greenish-pink in central area, dark pink in marginal area (RHS 42B); floret mass: anthers red with brown hair, slightly pointed. April.

`Madam Butterfly'

P. punctata Australia. Flower head: pink, bracts whitish on inside; floret mass pink-red with brownish hair. February to May. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Madiba'

P. cynaroides O: ARC. H: 1990. S: 1993. I & REG: 2000. PBR granted in ZA 2000, expires 2025. Flower head: obconical; red (RHS 63A); floret mass grey-pink, slightly pointed. August to October.

`Margaret Watling'

P. neriifolia New Zealand. Flower head: green, black fringe; floret mass pointed, wine-red. Winter to spring. Matthews 1993.

`Margot'

P. compacta x P. magnifica O: DN Shaw. H: 1986. S: 1994. REG: 1997. Batchelor Award 1996. Flower head: cylindrical, deep pink; floret mass pink, pointed. September to October.. SAPPEX News 91 1996.

`Martie'

P. magnifica hybrid ARC South Africa. Flower head pink. May to June. Batchelor Award 1982. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Marz'

P. magnifica H Wood. South Africa. Batchelor Award 1982. SAPPEX News 36 1982.

`Mashudu'

P. longifolia hybrid J Liebenberg. South Africa. SAPPEX News 75 1992.

`Mayday'

P. magnifica x P. compacta ? H Wood. South Africa. Flower head: pink (RHS 51B), white fringe with black tufts; floret mass pink, wine-red centre. Autumn to mid winter. Batchelor Award 1976. IPA Brochure 1987, Matthews 1993.

`Michal'

P. obtusifolia O: J Ben-Jaacov, A Ackerman. S: 1992. I & REG: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1999. Use: also rootstock. High tolerance to calcareous soil. Flower head: medium, greenish-yellow, obconical. November to December in Israel.

`Moon Glow'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: cylindrical; pale pink, outer bracts cream; floret mass pale pink, slightly pointed dark centre. May to August. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Moonray'

P. lacticolor New Zealand. Flower head: narrowly funnel-shaped; creamy-white. Autumn to winter. Matthews 1993.

`Moonshine'

Synonym for `Green Ice'

`Mother's Day'

P. magnifica x P. compacta H Wood. South Africa. April. Batchelor Award 1977. SAPPEX News 16 1977.

`Moustache'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: cylindrical; cream-pink, inner bracts with black tufts and dense white fringe; floret mass pale pink. February to July. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Natalie'

P. neriifolia x P. repens O: HW Strauss. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1992, expires 2010. Batchelor Award 1985. Flower head: cylindrical to obovate; pink (RHS 54C); floret mass white with slightly pointed centre. May to July, September to October.

`Niobe'

Protea F2 hybrid H Wood. South Africa. Flower head: silvery -green with yellow tint (RHS 144D), brown-black tufts, outer involucral bracts yellowish-green (RHS 151A) with brown tufts, dry margin. May to June. Batchelor Award in 1978. SAPPEX News 20 1978.

`Nomad'

P. burchellii x P. longifolia S & N: PDJ Roux 1994. REG: 1996. Flower head: 7.8 cm diameter; globose; pink (RHS 53C), central part of outer involucral bracts greenish yellow (RHS 146D) with pink margin, floret mass maroon. July.

`Pacific Queen'

P. magnifica x P. neriifolia L Matthews. 1959. New Zealand. Flower head: pink, white fringe and black tufts; floret mass yellow tipped with wine-red. August to December. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Peach Sheen'

P. laurifolia New Zealand. Flower head: large; soft bronze-pink overlaid with silver, dense black tufts. Late winter to spring. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Petroux'

P. pityphylla x P. effusa S & N: PDJ Roux 1994. REG: 1997. Flower head: 8 cm diameter; saucer-shaped; involucral bracts pink with darker pink margin; floret mass brown-red, slightly pointed. April.

`Pinita'

P. magnifica x P. longifolia O: R Middelmann. S: 1993. N: P Swart. I: VOPI. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1995, expires 2013. Flower head: pink-red at apex, cream-yellow towards base of bracts; floret mass pink, black centre, slightly pointed. May to July.

`Pink Cupid'

P. 'Pink Ice' x P. compacta S & S Smith. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1998; expires 2018. Flower head pink-red (RHS 59C), central area of outer involucral bract pink-red (RHS 59C); floret mass purple-pink (RHS 75B). April to June. APVJ 11(1) 1998.

`Pink Diamond'

P. magnifica New Zealand. Flower head: large; rosy-pink; floret mass silvery-white, tipped with black. Late winter to spring. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Pink Duke'

P. compacta hybrid O: VOPI. S:1975. REG: 1993. Flower head: medium; obovate; pale pink-red (RHS 54B), basal part of inner involucral bract yellow (RHS 10D); floret mass pink, slightly pointed. June to August.

`Pink Fantasy' (= `Fantasy')

P. magnifica x P. eximia New Zealand. Flower head: cream and pink, brown tufts; floret mass cream, tipped with reddish-purple. Formerly `Fantasy' (IPA Journal 17 1989). Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Pink Frost'

P. compacta x P. magnifica B Cullen. New Zealand.

`Pink Ice' (=Silvan Pink; Camelot)

P. compacta x P. susannae P Matthews. Australia. Flower head: deep pink, silver pubescence; floret mass pink, deep red centre, slightly pointed. January to October. Promoted internationally in 1987. Proteaflora Catalogue 1984, Australian Horticulture 1990.

`Pink Lady'

P. compacta USA. Flower head: sparkling pink. September to May in HI. Hawaii Poster 1982.

`Pink Mink'

P. neriifolia Australia. Australian Poster 1988.

`Pink Pride'

P.'Pink Ice' x P. longifolia S & S Smith. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1998; expires 2018. Floweerr head: pink (RHS 61D), central area of outer involucral bract yellow-green (RHS 154D); floret mass pointed, purple (RHS 79A). June to August. APVJ 11(1) 1998.

`Pink Princess'

P. compacta x P. magnifica Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1997, expires 2017. Flower head shape broad obovate – semi globose, purple-red (RHS 60A), innermost bracts narrow spathulate with dense white pubescence on margins and apices; floret mass greyed-orange (RHS 175C). Spring. APVJ 9(3) 1996.

'Pink Satin'

P. laurifolia New Zealand. Flower head: large; satin pink; black fringe with white tufts. Named in 1973. Duncan & Davies 1978.

`Pink Snow'

P. compacta HortScience 8(4) 1973.

'Pink Surprise'

P. neriifolia variant Australia. Winner of Peter Mathews Award 1998. Flower head: bright pink, white apical tufts on involucral bracts. March to May in Australia. Buds & Bracts 11(1) 1999.

`Pink Velvet'

P. magnifica x P. compacta O: JA du Preez. S: 1966. REG: 1984. Flower head: cylindrical to obovate; pink; floret mass pink-white. May to June.

`Pinnochio'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: red, white fringe on inner bracts; floret mass wine red, pointed centre. May to September. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Pixie'

P. pudens x P. longifolia Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1996, expires 2014. Flower head obovate – obconical, outer bracts red (RHS 47A), innermost bracts linear-oblanceolate, fine white pubescence on margins, dark spot of hair at apices; floret mass conical, greyed-red (RHS 187A). Winter to spring. APVJ 9(1) 1996.

`Polar Blush'

P. neriifolia Protea Australis. Australia. Flower head: pink, black tufts at tips of bracts, inner involucral bracts curving strongly inwards. March to June. Matthews 1993, AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Possum Magic'

P. magnifica x P. longifolia Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1993, expires 2011. APVJ 6(1) 1993.

`Pretty Anne'

P. laurifolia x P. sulphurea O: HL Steyl. S: Blydskap Nurseries 1994. REG: 1996. PBR granted in ZA 1996, expires 2016. Flower head: obovate to saucer-shaped; solid dusty pink; floret mass brownish red with pointed centre. April to August.

`Pretty Belinda'

P. neriifolia O: S de Wet. S: 1991. REG: 1998. PBR granted in ZA 1998, expires 2023. Flower head: red-pink, white fringe and black tufts on inner involucral bracts; floret mass cream, rounded. January to February.

`Prince'

P. compacta Flower head: pink; floret mass pink. February to October. IPA Poster 1991.

`Princess'

P. magnifica x P. laurifolia O: JC Steenkamp. S: 1977. I: SANF 1986. Flower head: pink-red, white fringe and tufts; floret mass pink, elongated point, black centre. Withdrawn from cultivation.

*`Princess'

P. grandiceps Australia. Flower head: pink-red. August to December. Australian Fresh Flower Buyers' Guide 1988, IPA Poster 1991.

`Puchella'

P. neriifolia x P. burchellii L Engelke. Batchelor Award 2nd prize 1980. May to October. SAPPEX News 28 1980.

`Purity'

P. neriifolia New Zealand. Flower head: large, creamy-white, heavy black tufts on inner bracts; floret mass light cream. Early winter to late spring. Named in 1978. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Red Baron'

P. compacta x P. obtusifolia O: Caledon Municipality. S: 1975. N: VOPI. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: medium to large; cylindrical to obovate; outer bracts: dry, brown margins, central area greenish red; inner bracts dark pink to red (RHS 60A), short white fringe on margins, central area covered with silvery pubescence; floret mass pink with slightly pointed centre. June to September.

`Red Rex'

P. cynaroides O: VOPI. S: 1976. N: VPOI. I & REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1994, expires 2012. Flower head: obconical; deep red; floret mass white. November to December.

`Red Robe'

P. neriifolia O: VOPI. S: 1980. REG: 1996. Flower head: deep pink-red, black fringe and tufts on apical area of inner bracts; floret mass light yellow, slightly pointed. May to July.

`Regal Mink'

P. laurifolia J Harrι. New Zealand. Riverlea 1986.

`Rose Mink'

P. laurifolia New Zealand. Flower head: medium; deep pink, black tufts; floret mass wine-red. Flowers all year round. Named in 1974. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Rosie'

P grandiceps x P eximia O: DM Archer. S: 1992. I: Resincraft 2000. REG: DM Archer 2000. Flower head: pink-orange (RHS 174B), fringe on inner involucral bracts, apical tuft pink; floret mass pink (RHS 181C), flattened. October to March.

`Royal Crest'

P. laurifolia New Zealand. Flower head: soft green, dense reddish-purple tufts on inner bracts; floret mass bronze, pointed. April to August. Matthews & Carter 1983, Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

`Rubens'

P. repens O: VOPI. S: 1976. REG: 1996. Flower head: obconical; red (RHS 60A); floret mass white. January to March.

`Rubra'

P. longifolia New Zealand. Flower head: rosy-red. Autumn to early winter. Duncan & Davies 1978.

*`Ruby'

P. neriifolia variant New Zealand. Flower head: pink, overlaid with silver, black tufts; floret mass yellow. Late winter to spring. Riverlea 1986, Matthews 1993.

(see Leucospermum `Ruby')

`Ruby Blush'

P. repens selection Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head: pink, cream-white towards base; floret mass pinkish white. Autumn to early winter. Proteaflora Catalogue 1987.

`Rustic Pink'

P. hybrid Australia. Flower head: reddish, very few inner bracts, white fringe on tips of inner bracts; floret mass greyish, slightly pointed black centre. March to July. Matthews 1993, AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Ruth'

P. magnifica x P. obtusifolia O: HW Strauss. S: 1975. I: 1978. REG: 1980. PBR granted in ZA 1991, expires 2009. Flower head: cylindrical; red (RHS 53A); floret mass pink. June to July.

`Satin Pink'

P. longifolia hybrid O: VOPI. S: 1973. I: VOPI. REG:1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: small; pink-red and cream pastel colours, white fringe. June to August.

`Scarlet King'

P. cynaroides Matthew's Nursery. 1979. New Zealand. Flower head: large; deep scarlet-red; floret mass white. Summer. Matthews & Carter 1983, Matthews 1993.

`Shlomo'

P. obtusifolia O: J Ben-Jaacov, A Ackerman. S: 1992. I & Reg: Volcani Center, 2000. PBR granted in Israel 1999. Use: rootstock. High tolerance to calcareous soil. Flower head: small, pink, cylindrical. November to December in Israel.

`Sheila'

P. magnifica x P. burchellii O: HW Strauss. S: 1974. I: 1978. REG: 1980. PBR granted in ZA 1991, expires 2009. Flower head: obovate; pink; floret mass pink with black pointed centre. June to July.

`Silk 'n Satin'

P. neriifolia Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Flower head: pink, inner bracts with heavy black fringe and tufts; floret mass black, slightly pointed. Early winter. Proteaflora Catalogue 1986.

`Silvan Pink'

Synonym for `Pink Ice'

`Silver Monarch'

P. cynaroides New Zealand. Flower head: creamy-white; floret mass silver-grey. Matthews 1993.

`Silver Sunset'

P. neriifolia ARC. South Africa. Flower head deep crimson, black and white beard. February to may. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Silvertips'

P. neriifolia Riverlea Nurseries. 1961. New Zealand. Flower head: larger than `Snowcrest', pink-red, white fringe and black tufts; floret mass yellow. Winter to spring. Named in 1968. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Sizzle'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: obconical; pink; floret mass white, slightly pointed centre. March to June. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Smokey Joe'

P. neriifolia O: J Moffatt. S: 1989. I: 1991. REG: 1993. Flower head: oblong; creamy-white, white fringe with black centres on bracts; floret mass cream.

`Sneyd'

P. repens O: JD Sneyd. S: 1976. N: VOPI. REG: 1993. PBR granted in ZA 1993, expires 2011. Flower head: medium, obovate to obconical; deep red (RHS 60A), cream towards base; floret mass white. January to March.

`Snowcrest'

P. neriifolia New Zealand. Flower head: rose to bright pink, white fringe and tufts with black centres; floret mass yellow. Matthews & Carter 1983, Riverlea 1986.

`Snow King'

P. cynaroides Matthew's Nursery. 1979. New Zealand. Flower head: creamy-white, faintly tinted pink; floret mass silver-grey. Autumn. Matthews & Carter 1983.

*`Snow Queen'

P. magnifica New Zealand. Flower head: large; greenish-cream; floret mass silvery-white, dusted with black, pointed. Matthews 1993.

*`Snow Queen'

P. magnifica VOPI. South Africa. Flower head: large, deep pink, dense white hair and tufts on tips of bracts; floret mass white, pointed, black centre. April to June. Landbouweekblad 1996.

`Snow White'

P. compacta Australia. Flower head: obconical; white; floret mass white. April to July. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Sparkling Burgundy'

P. neriifolia x P. longifolia ? New Zealand. Flower head: pink, bronze shaded, white fringe and tufts with purple centres; floret mass deep red, pointed centre. Winter. Named in 1982. Matthews & Carter 1983.

`Steele Blue'

P. magnifica hybrid P Steele. New Zealand. Flower head: large, silvery pink, brownish fringe. Foliage blue-green. Released by Riverlea Nurseries in 1981. Rewa Nurseries sales list.

`Sugar Daddy'

P. repens selection O: VOPI. S: 1989. I: 1994. REG: 1996. Flower head: large; deep red (RHS 60A). Floret mass white. Almost no secondary growth below flower head. January to March.

`Susara'

P. magnifica x P. susannae O: PDJ Roux. H: 1975. S: 1980. REG: 1984. Flower head: medium to large; cylindrical to obovate; outer bracts: dry, brown margins, central area yellowish-green (RHS 151A), covered by silvery pubescence; inner bracts salmon pink, marginal area pink (RHS 53C), central area yellow-orange with pink tint (RHS 18B with pink tint), cream towards base; floret mass pinkish-white with slightly indented blackish centre. March to May.

`Sweet Suzy'

P. repens x P. mundii O: S de Wet. H: 1989. REG: 1998. PBR granted in ZA 1998, expires 2023. Flower head: pink-red; floret mass white-cream-pink, rounded. February to March.

`Sylvia'

P. eximia x P. susannae O: VOPI. S: 1977. I & N: VOPI. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1991, cancelled 1993. Flower head: medium to large, pink-red with bronze satiny glow, cream-yellow towards base. November to February.

`Thomas'

P. compacta hybrid H Wood. South Africa. Released in AU 1988. Flower head: shape narrow obovate, inner bracts light pink, white fringe on margins; outer bracts creamy green with narrow pink margins becoming dry margins on outermost bracts; floret mass light pink with white hairs, pointed. April to July. Proteaflora Catalogue 1995.

`Tinkerbell'

P. cynaroides mini. Australia. Flower head: small; red, very few bracts. March to April, September to October. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Top Hat'

P. lepidocarpodendron New Zealand. Flower head: long; greenish-yellow, black fringe. Winter. Duncan & Davies 1978, Matthews 1993.

`Trish Compacta'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: pink, white fringe on inner involucral bracts; floret mass pink, rounded. April to August. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Twilight'

Protea hybrid Australia. Flower head: cylindrical to obovate; pink; floret mass with slightly pointed wine-red centre. March to June. AFPGA Journal 1995.

`Valentine'

P. cynaroides x P. compacta P Michell. South Africa. Batchelor Award 2nd prize in 1983. Flower head: silvery pink; floret mass white, pointed. SAPPEX News 39 1983, Fynbos Poster 1993.

`Velvet Glow'

P. neriifolia New Zealand. Flower head: deep rose-red, black fringe. Winter to spring. Matthews 1993.

`Venetia'

P. magnifica x P. neriifolia ARC. South Africa. Flower head pink to orange-yellow. May to August. ARC cultivar list 1998.

`Venus'

P. aristata x P. repens O: CSM Michell. S: 1993. I: VOPI. REG: 1994. PBR granted in ZA 1995, expires 2013. Flower head: pink-red, marginal area of inner involucral bracts (RHS 53C), central area (RHS 59A), outer involucral bracts deep red (RHS 59A), white fringe on inner bracts; floret mass pink-red, pointed. July to October.

#'White Crown'

P. cynaroides O: H. Chalmers & J. Reed. I: 1996. REG: 2001. Peter Mathews Memorial Award 1999. Flower head: white. Floret mass: white, slightly pointed. July to November in AU.

`White Diamond'

P. compacta HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`White Mink'

P. neriifolia HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`White Mist'

P. 'Pink Ice' x P. obtusifolia S & S Smith. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1998; expires 2018. Flower head: pale yellow-green (RHS 1C), central area of outer involucral bract yellow-green (RHS 152C); floret mass purple, elongated point. April to June. APVJ 11(1) 1998.

`White Night'

P. longifolia x P. repens S & S Smith. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1998; expires 2018. Flower head: yellow-green (RHS 154D), exposed area of outer involucral bract yellow-green (RHS 153A); floret mass black (RHS 202A), elongated point. August to November. APVJ 11(1) 1998.

`White Owl'

P. neriifolia J Heid. USA.

`Yellow Mink'

P. neriifolia. HortScience 8(4) 1973.

`Zorro 1'

P. neriifolia Zorro Farms Sales List.

`Zorro 2'

P. neriifolia Zorro Farms Sales List.

Protea aristata E. Phillips

Erect shrub. Flower head obconic to bell-shaped, pink-red. October to February in ZA. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea coronata Lam.

Vigorous growing shrub. Flower head green, floret mass white, inner involucral bracts curve inwards, with white fringe. Spring. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea cynaroides (L.) L.

Common name: King Protea. Flower head pink. Autumn to spring. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000. Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea nana (P.J. Bergius) Thunb.

Common name: Mountain Rose. Flower head pendulous, cup-shaped, red. Winter. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000. Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea neriifolia R. Br. Alba

This is the "white" (cream) form of P. neriifolia. Autumn to spring. Duncan & Davies 1978.

Protea punctata Meisn.

Tall shrub. Flower head pink. Flowers most of the year. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea repens (L.) L.

Flower head red. Winter. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000. Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea repens (L.) L. Alba

This is a "white" (cream) form of P. repens. Winter. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000. Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea scolymocephala (L.) Reichard

Small rounded shrub. Flower head whitish green. Flowers most of the year. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000. Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea speciosa (L.) L.

Low growing shrub. Flower head whitish-pink, white fringe on margins, thick brown apical tufts on inner involucral bracts. September to October. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000. Sasol Proteas 1995.

Protea sulphurea E. Phillips

Spreading shrub. Flower head green with red tips on outside, sulphur yellow on inside, floret mass golden brown. April to August. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

 

Roupala Aubl.

No cultivars known.

 

Serruria Burm. ex Salisb.

`Bridesmaid'

S. florida x S. rosea O: VOPI. S: 1976. REG: 1996. Pot plant. Flower head: rose-pink (RHS 54B); floret mass grey. June to August.

*`Bridesmaid'

S. rosea New Zealand. Flower head deep pink. Matthews 1993.

(see Serruria `Bridesmaid' in IPR)

'Carmen'

S. florida x S. rosea ARC Fynbos South Africa. PBR granted in Australia 2001, expires 2021. Flower head small, deep pink. October to November in Australia. APVJ 14(1) 2001.

`Fairy'

S. florida x S. rosea O: VOPI. S: 1984. REG: 1996. Pot plant Flower head: rose-pink; floret mass grey. July to September.

`K2'

S. florida selection Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. Bracts white (RHS 155C). Proteaflora Catalogue 1994.

'Lemon Honey'

S. glomerata New Zealand. Flower head: pale lemon. Mid to late spring in NZ. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000.

`Maid of Honour'

S. florida x S. barbigera F Batchelor. South Africa. Name not established. Cultivar not cultivated anymore. Susceptible to fungal diseases.

`Sugar`n'Spice'

S. florida x S. rosea Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1991, expires 2010. Bracts red-purple (RHS 62A). Late winter to spring. APVJ 3(4) 1990, Matthews 1993.

`Superb Blush'

S. florida Proteaflora Enterprises. Australia. PBR granted in AU 1995, expires 2013. Flower head: inner involucral bracts narrow elliptic, white (RHS 155C). November to December. APVJ 8(4) 1995.

Serruria aemula Salisb. ex Knight

Small shrub. Flower head pink with long silver hairs. July to October. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

Serruria florida (Thunb.) Salisb. ex Knight

Common name: Blushing Bride. Flower head pink, prominent involucral bracts pale pink, hairless. July to October. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

Serruria rosea E. Phillips

Erect, compact shrub. Flower head pink, prominent involucral bracts, pink, hairy. August to October. Te Horo Ornamentals Catalogue 2000, Sasol Proteas 1995.

 

Sorocephalus R. Br.

No cultivars known.

 

Spatalla Salisb.

No cultivars known.

 

Vexatorella Rourke

No cultivars known.

 

Rejected cultivar names

`Luteum'

Ls. reflexum var. luteum Cultivar name not acceptable due to similarity with Latin name of subspecies.

Applications for IPCR

Protea

`Ria' P. pityphylla x P. effusa PDJ Roux.

Leucadendron

None.

Leucospermum

None.

 

References

ANONYMOUS. 1978 - 1998. LANDBOUWEEKBLAD.

ANONYMOUS. 1979 - 1996. Journal of the South African Protea Producers and Exporters Association (SAPPEX News).

ANONYMOUS. 1982. Poster of Proteas in Hawaii.

ANONYMOUS. 1986 - 1992. Journal of the International Protea Association (IPA Journal).

ANONYMOUS. 1986. Riverlea Nurseries. Complete Master Catalogue and Cultural Guide of Proteaceae.

ANONYMOUS. 1986. Zorro Protea Farms Sales List.

ANONYMOUS. 1987. Brochure of the International Protea Association (IPA Brochure).

ANONYMOUS. 1987. Exotic Australian native flowers. Poster printed by Australian Flower Exports (Pty)Ltd, Victoria, Australia.

ANONYMOUS. 1988. Australian fresh flower buyers' guide. Published by the Australian Trade Commission.

ANONYMOUS. 1988 - 1994. Australian Plant Varieties Journal. Volumes 1 - 7. Official journal of the Australian Plant Variety Rights Office.

ANONYMOUS. 1991. Protea and other wild flowers around the world. Poster published by the Secretariat, IPA, Victoria, Australia.

ANONYMOUS. 1992. Zorro Protea Farms Sales List.

ANONYMOUS. 1993. Fynbos Commercial Products Poster. Fynbos Research Unit, Elsenburg, South Africa.

ANONYMOUS. 1995. Journal of the Australian Flora and Protea Growers Association. Volume 7, No 1. Information sheet produced by Central Coast Protea & Waratah, Australia.

ANONYMOUS. 1998-2002. UPOV-ROM Plant Variety Database. International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants.

ANONYMOUS. 2000. Te Horo Ornamentals Y2K Production Catalogue.

DUNCAN & DAVIES.1978. Trees, Shrubs and Climbers Nursery Catalogue.

HITCHCOCK, A. & BRITS, G.J. 1992. More Pincushion (Leucospermum) cultivars available from Kirstenbosch. Veld & Flora vol. 78(3):74-75.

LITTLEJOHN, G. 1995. Protea and Leucadendron Cultivars - New Releases. Roodeplaat Bulletin No 44.

MATTHEWS, L. 1993. Protea Growers' Handbook for New Zealanders. David Bateman Ltd., Auckland, New Zealand.

MATTHEWS, L.J. & CARTER, Z. 1983. South African Proteaceae in New Zealand. Matthews Publishing, Manakau, New Zealand.

MATTHEWS, P.(Ed.) 1981. Growing and marketing of Proteas. Report of the First International Conference of Protea Growers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Proteaflora Enterprises (Pty)Ltd, Australia.

PARVIN, P.E.; CRILEY, R.A. & BULLOCK, R.M. 1973. Proteas: Developmental Research for a New Cut Flower Crop. HortScience vol. 8(4):299-303.

REBELO, T. SASOL Proteas: A field guide to the Proteas of Southern Africa. Fernwood Press & NBI. South Africa.

VOIGTS, M. 1982. South Africa's Proteaceae - know them and grow them. C.Struik (Pty)Ltd, Cape Town, South Africa.

Address list of registrants in IPCR

Archer, D.M. Resincraft, PO Box 3168, Paulington, Mutare, ZW.

ARC: see VOPI

ARO: Institute of Horticulture and Floriculture, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel

Batchelor, F.C. See SANF.

Blydskap Nursery, PO Box 10068, George 6530, ZA.

Chalmers, H. & Reed, J. Protea Ridge, 40 Dunloe Crt, BellBrae, 3228 Victoria, Australia

Condy, J. PO Box 39, Bromley, Zimbabwe.

De Beer, E.J., PO Box 129, Clanwilliam 8135, ZA.

De Wet, S. PO Box 637, Kroondal 0350, ZA

Du Preez, JA. Modderkloof, PO Box 1, Klipheuwel 7303, ZA.

Eggleton, R.A. 3741 Howard Street, Seville, 3139 Victoria, Australia

Jackson, M. PO Box 23, Stanford 7210, ZA.

Keith Kirstens, PO Box 1258, Parklands 2121, ZA

Kirkman, WB. PO Box 12, Juliasdale, Zimbabwe.

Liebenberg, J. Liebenwerda Nursery, PO Box 763, Cullinan 1000, ZA.

Lindeshof, PO Box 11, Koue Bokkeveld 6836, ZA.

Maui Agricultural Research Centre, PO Box 269, Kula, Hawaii 96790, USA. (PE Parvin)

Michell, CSM. Calenick Family Trust, PO Box 303, Stellenbosch 7599, ZA.

Middelmann, R. Private Bag X10, Botriver 7185, ZA.

Moffatt, J. Nanju Proteas, Mail Service 582, Toowoomba, Queensland 4352, Australia.

NBI, Kirstenbosch, Private Bag X7, Claremont 7735, ZA.

Parvin, PE. See Maui Agricultural Research Centre.

Resincraft, PO Box 3168, Paulington, Mutare, ZW.

Roux, PDJ. Elandsrivier, PO Box 97, Villiersdorp 7170, ZA.

SANF, Protea Heights, PO Box 456, Stellenbosch 7599, ZA. (FC Batchelor, JC Steenkamp)

Shaw, D.N. Berghoff, PO Box 122, Porterville 6810, ZA.

Steenkamp, J.C. See SANF.

Strauss, HW. Foxenberg, PO Box 756, Wellington 7655, ZA.

= Taylor, J.A. Nyamheni, POBox 3189, Paulington, Mutare, Zimbabwe.

Timm, M.E. Romany Farm, Private Bag 2004, Ruwa, Zimbabwe.

VOPI, ARC Fynbos Research Unit, Private Bag X1, Elsenburg 7607, ZA.

Zimflora, PO Box 3168, Paulington, Mutare, ZW.

 

= - deceased