IMPORT PLANT QUARANTINE REQUIREMENTS OF FRESH SWEET ORANGE FRUITS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

1.         Items and Production areas subject to the requirements

Sweet Oranges (Navel, Valencia varieties) should be produced in South Africa, where the Directorate of Plant Production, Health and Quality designated as the exporting production areas and conducted pest control thoroughly after discussing with National Plant Quarantine Service of Korea.

2.         Means of conveyance

                Ship-cargo or air-cargo.

3.         Inspection on growing fields

3.1        The exporting orchards located within the exporting production areas (Article 1) should be managed effectively to maintain free from Korea concerned quarantine pests (Attachment). The Directorate Plant Production, Health and Quality should conduct field inspection for all exporting orchards during growing season.

3.2        The results of field inspection should be submitted to the Korean pre-clearance inspector right after his/her arriving.  After reviewing on the results, Korean inspector may confirm the following items in the growing fields, if necessary.

3.2.1     The identity between the results of field survey and actual fields.

3.2.2     The occurrence status of Korea concerned quarantine pests.

3.3        From the results of field inspection by the Directorate Plant Production, Health and Quality, or confirmed by Korean inspector in exporting orchards, the fruits from the orchards which were determined as the occurrence of the high possibility of occurrence of Korea concerned pests may be restricted to export to Korea .

4.         Fruit sorting Before Cold Treatment

4.1        The infested or damaged fruits should be removed before precooling.

4.2        Korean-South African inspectors may attend and confirm the whole process of article 4.1.

5.         The Facility and Methods of Cold Treatment

5.1        The facility of cold treatment (in land facility or ships, container).

5.1.1     Facility should be equipped properly to enable to conduct cold treatment described in Article 5.2 or 5.3.

5.1.2     Facility should be equipped with temperature sensors to measure room temperatures and fruit core temperature of loaded fruits.  The records of temperature should be printed out automatically at least 1 hour interval and visible from the outside of facility.

5.2        Cold treatment method in land

The fruits should be treated with cold temperature in the facility equipped with Article 5.1.2 requirements and under the supervision of Korean-South African inspectors.

5.2.1     All temperature sensors should be checked for their accuracy before cold treatment.

5.2.2     The temperature sensors should be place din at least 4 points for fruit cores and 2 points for room temperature in every cold room or container.

5.2.2.1              In the case of cold room, one or more fruit core temperature sensors should be placed in centers and upper parts of loaded fruits and near the outlet of cooling fan.  In case of container, one or more fruit core temperature sensors should be placed in 2nd layer of 1st  pallet, 4th layer of center pallet, 2nd and 6th layers of the last pallet.

5.2.2.2              One or more air temperature sensors should be placed in inlet and outlet of cooking or air fan in cold room and container.

5.2.3     The fruit core temperature should be reached -0,60,6C or below through pre-cooling, and maintained (-0,60,6C or below) for 24 days.

5.2.4     If the cold temperature is not maintained appropriately, the cold treatment should be restarted from the time to reach proper temperature ((-0,60,6C or below) for 24 days.

5.3       Cold treatment method in transit

5.3.1     The Perishable Export Control Board (PPECB) shall designate and maintain the ships and containers for transit cold treatment.

5.3.2     The Korean-South African inspectors should check all temperature sensors accuracy before cold treatment.

5.3.3     The temperature sensors should be placed in at least 4 points for fruit cores and 2 points for room temperature in every cold room or container.

5.3.3.1              In case of cold room, one or more fruit core temperature sensors should be placed in centers and upper parts of loaded fruits and near the outlet of cooling fan.  Commercially, if there are two large cold rooms, the additional 2 temperature sensors should be placed.  In case of container, one or more fruit core temperature sensors should be placed in 2nd layer of 1st pallet, 4th layer of center pallet, 2nd and 6th layers of the last pallet.

5.3.3.2              One or more air temperature sensors should be place in inlet and outlet of cooling or air fan in cold room and container.

5.3.4     The Korean-South African inspectors should seal the hatches or containers after confirming that the temperature of pre-cooled fruits were reached

            -0,60,6C or below.

5.3.5     The fruits should be maintained in -0,60,6C or below for 24 days.  If the cold temperature is not maintained appropriately, the cold treatment should be restarted from the time to reach proper temperature (-0,60,6C or below) for 24 days.

6.         Packing house, Packing Methods and Labeling for cold treated fruits in in-land

6.1       The requirements for packing house

6.1.1     Should be located near cold room facility and equipped with net (less than 1.6 x 1.6 mm) for any openings (eg. Windows etc.) to prevent from the pests such as fruit flies and false codling moth (FCM).

6.1.2     Should exclusively be used for fruits to export to Korea at that time of packing period.

6.1.3     Should be disinfected by insecticides before starting packing and whenever necessary.

6.2       Packing methods

                The fruits should be packed in the places which are confirmed in article 6.1, and with the insect-proof materials.  And if the boxes have any holes, the boxes should be confirmed the following requirements.

6.2.1     Nets (less than 1.6 x 1.6 mm) should be attached to the ventilation holes, or

6.2.2     The whole boxes or pallets should be wrapped with nets (less than 1.6 x 1.6 mm).

6.3       Labeling

                Each box should be attached the mark "Inspection completed" and "For Korea" after Korean-South African joint inspection, and sealed by the Directorate of Plant Production, Health and Quality.

7.         Safeguards in transit of treated fruits

                To prevent reinfection of fruit flies and FCM in transit, the treated fruits should be moved from the cold treatment facility with safe measures by closed transportation methods (containers, etc., if any, all holes should be covered by 1.6 x 1.6 mm nets).

8.         Storage Places for cold treated fruits

8.1       The storage places for cold treated fruits should be designated by the Directorate Plant Production, Health and Quality.

8.2       The storage places should be equipped with insect-proof nets for any open windows or parts to protect from fruit flies and FCM, etc.

  9.       The inspection for appropriation on cold treatment facility, packing house and storage places

                The Korean-South African inspectors should inspect on cold treatment facility, packing house and storage places to confirm whether these facilities are appropriate to the requirements one or more every year.

10.       Export Inspection and Certification

                The Korean-South African inspectors should conduct the joint inspection following procedures.

10.1      Cold-treated fruits in land

10.1.1   Inspection places:  Packing places of exporting fruits.

10.1.2   Inspection methods

10.1.2.1             Whole treated fruits in a facility unit at a time will be composed a lot and inspected more than 2% of all boxes.  The inspectors should check if there are live quarantine pests of Korean concern, especially for the pests which are shown in attachment.

10.1.2.2             From the inspection which are defined in Article 10.1.2.1, if any live quarantine pests of Korea concerns are found, Korean-South African inspectors should take measures as follows.

10.1.2.2.1          If live fruit flies or FCM are found, the consignment should be rejected, and the fruits are prohibited export to Korea until the Directorate of Plant Production, Health and Quality identifies the reasons and takes measures to prevent the introduction of fruit flies or FCM into Korea .

10.1.2.2.2          If the other quarantine pests of Korea concern other than fruit flies or FCM are found, the consignment shall be shipped after disinfestation or removing all of them.

10.1.3   The consignments should be attached the phytosanitary certificate issued by the Director of Plant Production, Health and Quality, declaring following:

                10.1.3.1 Status of infestation treatments

10.1.3.2             The following identification should be described by the Korean inspector.

Date of Cold Treatment

 

Date of Inspection

 

Name of Inspector

 

Inspection results

 

10.2      Cold-treated fruits in transit

10.2.1   Korean-South African inspectors shall inspect more than 2% of all boxes.  The inspectors should check if there are quarantine pests of Korea concerns, especially for the pests which are shown in attachment.

10.2.2   From the inspection results, if any quarantine pests of Korea concerns except fruit flies, FCM and Red scale are found, the consignment should be shipped after disinfestation to kill all quarantine pests.  If there is no identified treatment method to kill intercepted quarantine pests, the consignment should not export to Korea .

10.2.3   The following identifications should be described in phytosanitary certificate after inspection as follows:

Date of inspection

 

Name of Inspector

 

Inspection results

 

10.2.4   Korean-South African inspectors should check the accuracy of all temperature sensors, confirm that the fruit core temperatures are reached to -0,60,6C or below, and seal the hatches and containers of ship.

10.2.5   After confirming the Article 10.2.4, the Directorate of Plant Production, Health and Quality issues the phytosanitary certificate and describes the additional declaration.  The consignment shall be cold treated in -0,60,6C or below for 24 days.  And the Korean inspector shall write the confirmation date and status of Article 10.2.4, sealing date of hatches or containers of ship and sign in space of additional declaration or back side of the phytosanitary certificate.

11.        Import Inspection

11.1      When the consignments are arrived at the point of entry, Korean inspectors shall confirm the following things.

11.1.1   The additional declarations on the phytosanitary certificate, and whether Korean inspector checked the consignments or not, and the appropriateness of described items on the phytosanitary certificate, and etc.

11.1.2   In case of cold treated fruits in land, sealing and damaging of packages

11.1.3   In case of cold treated fruits in transit, after review on temperature recording paper, confirmation of cold treated days and whether the appropriate temperature is maintained or not, the sealing status of hatches or containers of ship.  If there are any problems such mistakes in cold treatment or broken of seals, the fall fruits of the cold room or container should be start the cold treatment for 24 days or reshipped or destructed.

11.2      If there are certain problems from the import inspection accordance with the Article 11.1.1 and 11.1.2, all or parts of the consignments should be destroyed or reshipped.

11.3      If there is no problems from the import inspection accordance with the Article 11.1, Korean inspectors shall sample from the consignment and conduct laboratory test.

11.4      If any quarantine pests of Korea concern are found during the import inspection, the consignments should be treated as follows:

11.4.1   If the prohibited pests in attachment such as fruit flies or FCM are intercepted, the consignments shall be rejected.  The inspection and importation of sweet oranges shall be suspended until the Directorate of Plant Production, Health and Quality identifies the reasons and corrects them.

11.4.2   If the other quarantine pests of concern (except fruit fly and FCM) are intercepted, the infested consignments shall be destroyed or reshipped, or fumigated according to the Korean Plant Protection Act.

11.5      The other things which are not defined in the requirements shall be applied by the regulations of Korean Plant Protection Act.

12.        The Request for Pre-clearance Inspection

12.1      The Directorate of Plant Production, Health and Quality should request pre-clearance inspection in written to Director-General of National Plant Quarantine Service in advance 30 days before starting cold treatments.  The requesting letter should be contained the following items:

                *The period of pre-clearance inspection

            *The expected exporting amounts

            *The locations of cold treatment facilities or sea ports

12.2      All expenses related to Korean inspector's pre-clearance program should be borne by the Republic of South Africa .

13.        The others

The Director-General of National Plant Quarantine Service may define the necessary rules or regulations related with implementation of this notify such as the detailed procedure for cold treatment in transit.
Attachment

THE QUARANTINE PESTS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN SWEET ORANGES

1.         Insects

1.1        Prohibited Pests (4 species)

            Ceratitis capitata, Ceratitis quinaria, Ceratitis rosa

            Cryptophlebia leucotreta

1.2        Managed Pests (43 species)

            Brevipalpus phoenicis, Calacarus citrifolii, Eriphyes sheldoni, Euteranychus africans, E. annecki, Phyllocoptruta oeivora, Helix aspera, Aleurocanthus woglumi, Anoplocnemis curvipes, Aonidiella aurantii, Apate indistincta, A. terebrans, Archips occidentalis, Ascotis selenaria reeiprocaria, Aspidiotus nerii, Ceroplastes destructor, Chrysomphalus pinulifer, Coccus viridis, Gribrolesanium andersoni, Empoasca citrusa, Ferrisia virgata, Gascardia brevioauda, Icerya seychellarum, Iridomyrmex humilis, Insulaspis longirostri, Lepidosaphes beckii, Leptoglossus membranaceus, Nipaecoccus filamentosus, Pantatomorus cervinus, paracoccus burnerae, Parlatoria ziziphi, Penthimiola bella, Pheidole megacephala, Pseudococcus longispinus, Prays citri, Protopulvibraria pyriformis, Pulvinaria aetriopica, Saissetia oleae, S. somereni, Scirtothrips aurantii, Sciobius granosus, spectrobates ceratoniae, Tortrix capensana.

2.         Disease (7 species)

            Capnodium citri, Fusarium semitectum var. majus, F. stilboides, Pencillium ulaense, Phytophthora citricola, P. syringae, Stomiopeltis citri.

*           If the other pests are intercepted during the import inspection, NPQS will conduct the identification and PRA and decide the phytosanitary measures.